Invisible social control as predictor of daily negative affect and smoking after a self-set quit date

Lüscher, Janina; Ochsner, Sibylle; Berli, Corina; Knoll, Nina; Stadler, Gertraud; Hornung, Rainer; Scholz, Urte (2014). Invisible social control as predictor of daily negative affect and smoking after a self-set quit date. Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie, 22(4), pp. 165-174. Hogrefe 10.1026/0943-8149/a000126

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The dual-effects model of social control proposes that social control leads to increased psychological distress but also to better health practices. However, findings are inconsistent, and recent research suggests that the most effective control is unnoticed by the receiver (i. e., invisible). Yet, investigations of the influence of invisible control on daily negative affect and smoking have been limited. Using daily diaries, we investigated how invisible social control was associated with negative affect and smoking. Overall, 100 smokers (72.0 % men, age M = 40.48, SD = 9.82) and their nonsmoking partners completed electronic diaries from a self-set quit date for 22 consecutive days, reporting received and provided social control, negative affect, and daily smoking. We found in multilevel analyses of the within-person process that on days with higher-than-average invisible control, smokers reported more negative affect and fewer cigarettes smoked. Findings are in line with the assumptions of the dual-effects model of social control: Invisible social control increased daily negative affect and simultaneously reduced smoking at the within-person level.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Personality Psychology, Differential Psychology and Diagnostics

UniBE Contributor:

Lüscher, Janina; Berli, Corina and Scholz, Urte

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 370 Education
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0943-8149, 2190-6289

Publisher:

Hogrefe

Language:

English

Submitter:

Karin Dubler

Date Deposited:

24 Mar 2015 16:08

Last Modified:

08 Mar 2019 07:52

Publisher DOI:

10.1026/0943-8149/a000126

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.64266

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/64266

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