Anxiety, ego depletion, and sports performance

Englert, Christoph; Bertrams, Alex (2012). Anxiety, ego depletion, and sports performance. Journal of sport & exercise psychology, 34(5), pp. 580-599. Human Kinetics Publishers

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In the present article, we analyzed the role of self-control strength and state anxiety in sports performance. We tested the hypothesis that self-control strength and state anxiety interact in predicting sports performance on the basis of two studies, each using a different sports task (Study 1: performance in a basketball free throw task, N = 64; Study 2: performance in a dart task, N = 79). The patterns of results were as expected in both studies: Participants with depleted self-control strength performed worse in the specific tasks as their anxiety increased, whereas there was no significant relation for participants with fully available self-control strength. Furthermore, different degrees of available self-control strength did not predict performance in participants who were low in state anxiety, but did in participants who were high in state anxiety. Thus increasing self-control strength could reduce the negative anxiety effects in sports and improve athletes' performance under pressure.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Education > Educational Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Education

UniBE Contributor:

Englert, Christoph, Bertrams, Alexander Gregor


300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 370 Education
100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment




Human Kinetics Publishers




Noemi Martina Casola

Date Deposited:

12 Mar 2015 16:19

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:42

PubMed ID:





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