Structural analogues of the natural products magnolol and honokiol as potent allosteric potentiators of GABA(A) receptors.

Fuchs, Alexander; Baur, Roland; Schoeder, Clara; Sigel, Erwin; Müller, Christa E (2014). Structural analogues of the natural products magnolol and honokiol as potent allosteric potentiators of GABA(A) receptors. Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 22(24), pp. 6908-6917. Elsevier 10.1016/j.bmc.2014.10.027

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Biphenylic compounds related to the natural products magnolol and 4'-O-methylhonokiol were synthesized, evaluated and optimized as positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) of GABA(A) receptors. The most efficacious compounds were the magnolol analog 5-ethyl-5'-hexylbiphenyl-2,2'-diol (45) and the honokiol analogs 4'-methoxy-5-propylbiphenyl-2-ol (61), 5-butyl-4'-methoxybiphenyl-2-ol (62) and 5-hexyl-4'-methoxybiphenyl-2-ol (64), which showed a most powerful potentiation of GABA-induced currents (up to 20-fold at a GABA concentration of 3μM). They were found not to interfere with the allosteric sites occupied by known allosteric modulators, such as benzodiazepines and N-arachidonoylglycerol. These new PAMs will be useful as pharmacological tools and may have therapeutic potential for mono-therapy, or in combination, for example, with GABA(A) receptor agonists.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Baur, Roland and Sigel, Erwin

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0968-0896

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Barbara Järmann-Bangerter

Date Deposited:

01 Apr 2015 13:10

Last Modified:

02 Sep 2015 10:20

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.bmc.2014.10.027

PubMed ID:

25456080

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Allosteric modulation, GABA(A) receptor, Honokiol, Ion channel, Magnolol, Medicinal plant, Natural product, Positive allosteric modulator (PAM), Synthesis

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.65701

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/65701

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