One Health approach to use of veterinary pharmaceuticals

Margalida, Antoni; Bogliani, G; Bowden, C.G.R.; Donázar, J.A.; Genero, F.; Gilbert, M.; Karesh, W.B.; Kock, R.; Lubroth, J.; Manteca, X.; Naidoo, V.; Neimanis, A.; Sánchez-Zapata, J.A.; Sánchez-Zapata, J.A.; Taggart, M.A.; Vaarten, J.; Yon, L.; Kuiken, T.; Green, R.E. (2014). One Health approach to use of veterinary pharmaceuticals. Science, 346(6215), pp. 1296-1298. American Association for the Advancement of Science 10.1126/science.1260260

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An estimated 6051 tons of active substances went into the production of veterinary pharmaceuticals (VPs) for the treatment of food animals in the European Union (EU) in 2004, including 5393 tons of antibiotics and 194 tons of antiparasitics (1). With global meat production projected to increase (2) and the growing market for companion animal pharmaceuticals (3), the use of VPs will continue to increase. Although VPs may benefit the health and welfare of domestic animals and the efficiency of food animal production, they can contaminate the environment through manufacturing, treatment of animals, and disposal of carcasses, offal, urine, feces, and unused products (4) (see the chart). This contamination is a threat to nontarget species, including humans. With Spain having recently authorized marketing of a VP that was banned in South Asia in the past decade in light of environmental impacts, we recommend strengthening of current procedures and addition of a more proactive, holistic, One Health approach applicable to all VPs.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Ecology and Evolution (IEE)

UniBE Contributor:

Margalida, Antoni

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)

ISSN:

0036-8075

Publisher:

American Association for the Advancement of Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Olivier Roth

Date Deposited:

25 Mar 2015 14:00

Last Modified:

08 Sep 2015 10:32

Publisher DOI:

10.1126/science.1260260

PubMed ID:

25477214

Web of Science ID:

000346189600025

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.65740

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/65740

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