A Possible Case of Möller-Barlow Disease in Northwestern Switzerland (7th Century)

Trancik Petitpierre, Viera; Lösch, Sandra (August 2014). A Possible Case of Möller-Barlow Disease in Northwestern Switzerland (7th Century) (Unpublished). In: 20th European Meeting of Paleopathology. Lund, Schweden. 24.-29.08.2014.

The excavation site Reigoldswil is located at 550 m above sea level on the Jura chain hillside in north-western Switzerland. The mountains divide the Rhine valley from an agriculturally rich region. The origin of the village lies in the early medieval time. Until now the skeletons of one cemetery have been morphologically studied. Around 216 individuals were excavated from under the foundation walls of a church and in the open field. They date to the 7/8th up to the 10th century. The striking part is the high amount of subadult (0-18 years) individuals with 58% (n=126). One of these children, an approximately 1.5 year old toddler from the 7th century, was buried in a stone cist. Its bones show morphological traces like porotic lesions of the greater wings of the sphenoidale, the squama, the mandibule and the scapula as new bone formation on both femora and tibiae. These signs could be an indicator for Möller-Barlow disease (Ortner 2003, Brickley and Ives 2008, Stark in press). As scurvy is associated with an insufficient intake of vitamin C, malnutrition must be assumed. A reason might be the geographic location or/and a harsh climat with crop failure and famine the first settler had to face. Besides the morphological diagnose amino acids of the bone collagen have been analyzed (Kramis et. al.). Further examinations, such as radiocarbon dating and stable isotope ratios (C, N, O, S) to specify nutrition, are planned.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine
06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of Archaeological Sciences > Pre- and Early History
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Anthropology

UniBE Contributor:

Trancik Petitpierre, Viera and Lösch, Sandra

Subjects:

500 Science > 560 Fossils & prehistoric life
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
900 History > 930 History of ancient world (to ca. 499)
900 History > 940 History of Europe

Funders:

[UNSPECIFIED] SNF, Marie Heim Vögtlin

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sandra Lösch

Date Deposited:

25 Mar 2015 09:08

Last Modified:

27 Jan 2016 09:30

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Paleopathology

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/65838

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