Exploring occasion specificity in the assessment of DSM-5 maladaptive personality traits: A latent state-trait theory analysis.

Zimmermann, Johannes; Mayer, Axel; Leising, Daniel; Krieger, Tobias; Grosse Holtforth, Martin; Pretsch, Johanna (2017). Exploring occasion specificity in the assessment of DSM-5 maladaptive personality traits: A latent state-trait theory analysis. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 33(1), pp. 47-54. Hogrefe 10.1027/1015-5759/a000271

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The alternative classification system for personality disorders in DSM-5 features a hierarchical model of maladaptive personality traits. This trait model comprises five broad trait domains and 25 specific trait facets that can be reliably assessed using the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5). Although there is a steadily growing literature on the validity of the PID-5, issues of temporal stability and situational influences on test scores are currently unexplored. We addressed these issues using a sample of 611 research participants who completed the PID-5 three times, with time intervals of two months. Latent state-trait (LST) analyses for each of the 25 PID-5 trait facets showed that, on average, 79.5% of the variance was due to stable traits (i.e., consistency), and 7.7% of the variance was due to situational factors (i.e., occasion specificity). Our findings suggest that the PID-5 trait facets predominantly capture individual differences that are stable across time.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology > Centre of Competence for Psychosomatic Medicine
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Krieger, Tobias and grosse Holtforth, Martin

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

1015-5759

Publisher:

Hogrefe

Language:

English

Submitter:

Adriana Biaggi

Date Deposited:

14 Apr 2015 16:33

Last Modified:

26 Apr 2018 16:12

Publisher DOI:

10.1027/1015-5759/a000271

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/66525

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