How task experience influences students' performance expectancies: The role of certainty

Dickhäuser, Oliver; Reinhard, Marc-André; Englert, Christoph (2011). How task experience influences students' performance expectancies: The role of certainty. Psychological Reports, 109(2), pp. 380-388. Ammons Scientific 10.2466/07.11.20.PR0.109.5.380-388

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The importance of performance expectancies for predicting behavior has long been highlighted in research on expectancy-value models. These models do not take into account that expectancies may vary in terms of their certainty. The study tested the following predictions: task experience leads to a higher certainty of expectancies; certainty and mean expectancies are empirically distinguishable; and expectancies held with high certainty are more accurate for predicting performance. 273 Grade 8 students reported their performance expectancy and the certainty of expectation with regard to a mathematics examination immediately before and after the examination. Actual grades on the examination were also assessed. The results supported the predictions: there was an increase in certainty between the two times of measurement; expectancies and certainty were unrelated at both times of measurement; and for students initially reporting higher certainty, the accuracy of the performance expectancy (i.e., the relation between expectancy and performance) was higher than for students reporting lower certainty. Given lower certainty, the accuracy increased after the students had experience with the examination. The data indicate that it may be useful to include certainty as an additional variable in expectancy-value models.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Education > Educational Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Education

UniBE Contributor:

Englert, Christoph


300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 370 Education




Ammons Scientific




Christoph Englert

Date Deposited:

19 May 2015 13:46

Last Modified:

19 Jul 2018 12:03

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:





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