Integrating attentional control theory and the strength model of self-control

Englert, Christoph; Bertrams, Alex (2015). Integrating attentional control theory and the strength model of self-control. Frontiers in psychology, 6(824), pp. 1-6. Frontiers Research Foundation 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00824

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In the present article, we argue that it may be fruitful to incorporate the ideas of the strength model of self-control into the core assumptions of the well-established attentional control theory (ACT). In ACT, it is assumed that anxiety automatically leads to attention disruption and increased distractibility, which may impair subsequent cognitive or perceptual-motor performance, but only if individuals do not have the ability to counteract this attention disruption. However, ACT does not clarify which process determines whether one can volitionally regulate attention despite experiencing high levels of anxiety. In terms of the strength model of self-control, attention regulation can be viewed as a self-control act depending on the momentary availability of self-control strength. We review literature that has revealed that self-control strength moderates the anxiety-performance relationship, discuss how to integrate these two theoretical models, and offer practical recommendations of how to counteract negative anxiety effects.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Education > Educational Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Education

UniBE Contributor:

Englert, Christoph and Bertrams, Alexander Gregor

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 370 Education

ISSN:

1664-1078

Publisher:

Frontiers Research Foundation

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christoph Englert

Date Deposited:

29 Jul 2015 09:35

Last Modified:

19 Jul 2018 11:22

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00824

PubMed ID:

26136712

Uncontrolled Keywords:

anxiety, attentional control theory, ego depletion, self-control, strength model of self-control

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.70575

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/70575

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