Neuroenhancement and the strength model of self-control

Englert, Chris; Wolff, Wanja (2015). Neuroenhancement and the strength model of self-control. Frontiers in psychology, 6(1425), pp. 1-4. Frontiers Research Foundation 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01425

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Neuroenhancement (NE), the use of substances as a means to enhance performance, has garnered considerable scientific attention of late. While ethical and epidemiological publications on the topic accumulate, there is a lack of theory-driven psychological research that aims at understanding psychological drivers of NE. In this perspective article we argue that self-control strength offers a promising theory-based approach to further understand and investigate NE behavior. Using the strength model of self-control, we derive two theory-driven perspectives on NE-self-control research. First, we propose that individual differences in state/trait self-control strength differentially affect NE behavior based on one’s individual experience of NE use. Building upon this, we outline promising research questions that (will) further elucidate our understanding of NE based on the strength model’s propositions. Second, we discuss evidence indicating that popular NE substances (like Methylphenidate) may counteract imminent losses of self-control strength. We outline how further research on NE’s effects on the ego-depletion effect may further broaden our understanding of the strength model of self-control.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Education > Educational Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Education

UniBE Contributor:

Englert, Christoph

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 370 Education

ISSN:

1664-1078

Publisher:

Frontiers Research Foundation

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christoph Englert

Date Deposited:

06 Nov 2015 14:51

Last Modified:

19 Jul 2018 11:53

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01425

Uncontrolled Keywords:

ego depletion, neuroenhancement, self-control, self-regulation

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.72766

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/72766

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