Striving for consistency shapes emotional responses to other’s outcomes

Pietraszkiewicz, Agnieszka; Wojciszke, Bogdan (2014). Striving for consistency shapes emotional responses to other’s outcomes. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 45(3), pp. 296-305. De Gruyter 10.2478/ppb-2014-0036

[img]
Preview
Text
ppb-2014-0036.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works (CC-BY-NC-ND).

Download (536kB) | Preview

Based on the balance theory (Heider, 1958), we hypothesized that emotions (i.e., schadenfreude, resentment, joy and sorrow) induced by other person’s outcomes function as responses restoring balance within cognitive units consisting of the perceiver, other persons and their outcomes. As a consequence, emotional reactions towards others’ outcomes depend on the perceiver’s attitudes in such a way that outcomes of a well-liked person rise congruous responses (sorrow after failure and joy after success), while outcomes of a disliked other lead to incongruous responses (schadenfreude after failure and resentment after success). Our participants recalled a situation from their past in which somebody they liked or disliked had succeed or failed. Additionally, we manipulated whether the outcome referred to a domain where participants’ self-interest was involved or not. We analyzed the participants’ average emotional state as well as specific emotions induced by the recalled events. Consistently with expectations we found that balancing principles played a major role in shaping emotional responses to successes and failures of person who were well-liked or disliked.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Social Psychology and Social Neuroscience

UniBE Contributor:

Pietraszkiewicz, Agnieszka

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

1641-7844

Publisher:

De Gruyter

Language:

English

Submitter:

Agnieszka Pietraszkiewicz

Date Deposited:

16 Dec 2015 09:16

Last Modified:

16 Dec 2015 09:16

Publisher DOI:

10.2478/ppb-2014-0036

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Balance, Schadenfreude, Resentment, Self-interest, Self-esteem

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.74065

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/74065

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback