High intratumoral levels of FoxP3+ lymphocytes are associated with better prognosis in primary resected esophageal adenocarcinomas.

Stein, Alexandra; Blank, Annika; Guldener, Lars; Dislich, Bastian; Kröll, Dino; Seiler, Christian A.; Langer, Rupert (2015). High intratumoral levels of FoxP3+ lymphocytes are associated with better prognosis in primary resected esophageal adenocarcinomas. (Submitted). In: Schweizer Pathologentag.

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Background: Tumor infiltrating T-lymphocytes (TILs) have been shown to play an important prognostic role in many carcinomas. The identification of prognostic relevant morphological or molecular factors is a major area of interest in the diagnostic process and for the treatment of highly aggressive esophageal adenocarcinoma. Studies about the impact of TILs in this tumor have not shown completely congruent results yet. We present a comprehensive study about the clinical and pathological impact of TIL in esophageal adenocarcinomas. Methods: A next generation tissue microarray (TMA) of 117 primary resected esophageal adenocarcinomas was analyzed for CD3+, CD8+ and FoxP3+ TIL using immunohistochemistry. The TMA contained three cores of the tumor center and the tumor periphery per each case. Slides were scanned with a high-resolution scanner (ScanScope CS; Aperio) and an image analysis software (Aperio Image Scope) was used to determine the TIL counts. The results were correlated with clinicopathological parameters. Results: CD3+, CD8+ and FoxP3+ TIL counts showed a significant correlation among each other (p<0.001 each, range: 0.27-0.77). TIL counts were categorized as high and low levels, according to the median. Tumors with high FoxP3+ intratumoral lymphocyte counts were more frequently of lower pT category (p<0.001) and without lymph node metastasis (p=0.04). High levels of FoxP3+ lymphocytes in the tumor center and the periphery were also associated with better prognosis (p<0.001 and p=0.041, respectively) in univariate analysis. A similar prognostic impact was seen for high levels of CD3+ and CD8+ TIL in the tumor center, but not in the periphery (p=0.047 and p=0.011, respectively). In multivariate analysis high central FoxP3+TIL levels were an independent prognostic factor (HR=0.4; p=0.023) which was similar to a combination score of CD3+/CD8+/FoxP3+ TIL (HR=0.54; p=0.027) or CD8+/Foxp3+ TIL (HR=0.052; p=0.020) and superior to pT- and pN category (p>0.05 each). Conclusion: This study demonstrates a significant beneficial prognostic impact of high TIL counts in the tumor center of esophageal adenocarcinomas, in particular with regards to the subpopulation of FoxP3+ and CD8+ T-regulatory cells. The determination of intratumoral lymphocytic counts and application of TIL scores can improve prognostic accuracy of pathologic reports of these tumors and may be helpful for better risk stratification of esophageal adenocarcinoma patients.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Abstract)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Visceral Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology > Clinical Pathology

UniBE Contributor:

Blank, Annika; Dislich, Bastian; Kröll, Dino; Seiler, Christian A. and Langer, Rupert

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

Language:

English

Submitter:

Lilian Karin Smith-Wirth

Date Deposited:

23 Mar 2016 08:04

Last Modified:

09 Sep 2017 05:01

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.78471

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/78471

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