Endothelin-1 Immunoreactivity and its Association with Intramedullary Hemorrhage and Myelomalacia in Naturally Occurring Disk Extrusion in Dogs

Mayer, Daniela; Oevermann, Anna; Seuberlich, Torsten; Vandevelde, Marc; Casanova, Ayako; Selimovic-Hamza, Senija; Forterre, Franck; Henke, Diana (2016). Endothelin-1 Immunoreactivity and its Association with Intramedullary Hemorrhage and Myelomalacia in Naturally Occurring Disk Extrusion in Dogs. Journal of veterinary internal medicine, 30(4), pp. 1099-1111. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/jvim.14364

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BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of ascending/descending myelomalacia (ADMM) after canine intervertebral disk (IVD) extrusion remains poorly understood. Vasoactive molecules might contribute. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To investigate the immunoreactivity of endothelin-1 (ET-1) in the uninjured and injured spinal cord of dogs and its potential association with intramedullary hemorrhage and extension of myelomalacia. ANIMALS: Eleven normal control and 34 dogs with thoracolumbar IVD extrusion. METHODS: Spinal cord tissue of dogs retrospectively selected from our histopathologic database was examined histologically at the level of the extrusion (center) and in segments remote from the center. Endothelin-1 immunoreactivity was examined immunohistochemically and by in situ hybridization. Associations between the immunoreactivity for ET-1 and the severity of intramedullary hemorrhage or the extension of myelomalacia were examined. RESULTS: Endothelin-1 was expressed by astrocytes, macrophages, and neurons and only rarely by endothelial cells in all dogs. At the center, ET-1 immunoreactivity was significantly higher in astrocytes (median score 4.02) and lower in neurons (3.21) than in control dogs (3.0 and 4.54) (P < .001; P = .004) irrespective of the grade of hemorrhage or myelomalacia. In both astrocytes and neurons, there was a higher ET-1 immunoreactivity in spinal cord regions remote from the center (4.58 and 4.15) than in the center itself (P = .013; P = .001). ET-1 mRNA was present in nearly all neurons with variable intensity, but not in astrocytes. CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Enhanced ET-1 immunoreactivity over multiple spinal cord segments after IVD extrusion might play a role in the pathogenesis of ADMM. More effective quantitative techniques are required.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > NeuroCenter
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DKV - Clinical Neurology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Small Animal Clinic > Small Animal Clinic, Surgery
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Small Animal Clinic
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Experimental Clinical Research
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Center for Fish and Wildlife Health (FIWI)

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences (GCB)

UniBE Contributor:

Mayer, Daniela; Oevermann, Anna; Seuberlich, Torsten; Vandevelde, Marc; Casanova, Ayako; Selimovic-Hamza, Senija; Forterre, Franck and Henke, Diana

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture
500 Science
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

0891-6640

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Senija Selimovic-Hamza

Date Deposited:

02 Feb 2017 14:26

Last Modified:

18 Mar 2017 14:26

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/jvim.14364

PubMed ID:

27353293

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.89317

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/89317

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