Elevated plasma heparin-binding protein is associated with early death after resuscitation from cardiac arrest.

Ristagno, Giuseppe; Masson, Serge; Tiainen, Marjaana; Bendel, Stepani; Bernasconi, Roberto; Varpula, Tero; Milani, Valentina; Vaahersalo, Jukka; Magnoli, Michela; Spanuth, Eberhard; Barlera, Simona; Latini, Roberto; Hoppu, Sanna; Pettilä, Ville Yrjö Olavi; Skrifvars, Markus B (2016). Elevated plasma heparin-binding protein is associated with early death after resuscitation from cardiac arrest. Critical care, 20(251), p. 251. BioMed Central 10.1186/s13054-016-1412-4

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BACKGROUND An intense systemic inflammatory response is observed following reperfusion after cardiac arrest. Heparin-binding protein (HBP) is a granule protein released by neutrophils that intervenes in endothelial permeability regulation. In the present study, we investigated plasma levels of HBP in a large population of patients resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. We hypothesized that high circulating levels of HBP are associated with severity of post-cardiac arrest syndrome and poor outcome. METHODS Plasma was obtained from 278 patients enrolled in a prospective multicenter observational study in 21 intensive care units (ICU) in Finland. HBP was assayed at ICU admission and 48 h later. Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) was defined as the 24 h Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score ≥ 12. ICU death and 12-month Cerebral Performance Category (CPC) were evaluated. Multiple linear and logistic regression tests and receiver operating characteristic curves with area under the curve (AUC) were performed. RESULTS Eighty-two percent of patients (229 of 278) survived to ICU discharge and 48 % (133 of 276) to 1 year with a favorable neurological outcome (CPC 1 or 2). At ICU admission, median plasma levels of HBP were markedly elevated, 15.4 [9.6-31.3] ng/mL, and persisted high 48 h later, 14.8 [9.8-31.1] ng/mL. Admission levels of HBP were higher in patients who had higher 24 h SOFA and cardiovascular SOFA score (p < 0.0001) and in those who developed MODS compared to those who did not (29.3 [13.7-60.1] ng/mL vs. 13.6 [9.1-26.2] ng/mL, p < 0.0001; AUC = 0.70 ± 0.04, p = 0.0001). Admission levels of HBP were also higher in patients who died in ICU (31.0 [17.7-78.2] ng/mL) compared to those who survived (13.5 [9.1-25.5] ng/mL, p < 0.0001) and in those with an unfavorable 12-month neurological outcome compared to those with a favorable one (18.9 [11.3-44.3] ng/mL vs. 12.8 [8.6-30.4] ng/mL, p < 0.0001). Admission levels of HBP predicted early ICU death with an AUC of 0.74 ± 0.04 (p < 0.0001) and were independently associated with ICU death (OR [95 %CI] 1.607 [1.076-2.399], p = 0.020), but not with unfavorable 12-month neurological outcome (OR [95 %CI] 1.154 [0.834-1.596], p = 0.387). CONCLUSIONS Elevated plasma levels of HBP at ICU admission were independently associated with early death in ICU.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic of Intensive Care

UniBE Contributor:

Pettilä, Ville Yrjö Olavi

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1364-8535

Publisher:

BioMed Central

Language:

English

Submitter:

Mirella Aeberhard

Date Deposited:

09 Jan 2017 10:48

Last Modified:

15 Jan 2017 02:12

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/s13054-016-1412-4

PubMed ID:

27497949

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Cardiac arrest; Heparin-binding protein; Outcome; Post resuscitation

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.89852

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/89852

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