The generic impact scoring system (GISS): a standardized tool to quantify the impacts of alien species.

Nentwig, Wolfgang; Bacher, S; Pyšek, P; Vilà, M; Kumschick, Sabrina (2016). The generic impact scoring system (GISS): a standardized tool to quantify the impacts of alien species. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 188(5), p. 315. Springer 10.1007/s10661-016-5321-4

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Alien species can exert negative environmen- tal and socio-economic impacts. Therefore, administra- tions from different sectors are trying to prevent further introductions, stop the spread of established species, and apply or develop programs to mitigate their impact, to contain the most harmful species, or to eradicate them if possible. Often it is not clear which of the numerous alien species are most important in terms of damage, and therefore, impact scoring systems have been developed to allow a comparison and thus prioritization of species. Here, we present the generic impact scoring system (GISS), which relies on published evidence of environ- mental and socio-economic impact of alien species. We developed a system of 12 impact categories, for envi- ronmental and socio-economic impact, comprising all kinds of impacts that an alien species may exert. In each category, the intensity of impact is quantified by a six- level scale ranging from 0 (no impact detectable) to 5 (the highest impact possible). Such an approach, where impacts are grouped based on mechanisms for environ- mental impacts and receiving sectors for socio-econo- my, allows for cross-taxa comparisons and prioritization of the most damaging species. The GISS is simple and transparent, can be conducted with limited funds, and can be applied to a large number of alien species across taxa and environments. Meanwhile, the system was applied to 349 alien animal and plant species. In a comparison with 22 other impact assessment methods, the combination of environmental and socio-economic impact, as well as the possibility of weighting and ranking of the scoring results make GISS the most broadly applicable system.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Ecology and Evolution (IEE) > Community Ecology
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Ecology and Evolution (IEE)

UniBE Contributor:

Nentwig, Wolfgang and Kumschick, Sabrina

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0167-6369

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Alexander Strauss

Date Deposited:

17 Nov 2016 08:38

Last Modified:

08 Sep 2017 14:54

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s10661-016-5321-4

PubMed ID:

27129597

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.89937

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/89937

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