Evaluation of C-terminal Agrin Fragment as a marker of muscle wasting in patients after acute stroke during early rehabilitation.

Scherbakov, Nadja; Knops, Michael; Ebner, Nicole; Valentova, Miroslava; Sandek, Anja; Grittner, Ulrike; Dahinden, Pius; Hettwer, Stefan; Schefold, Joerg C.; von Haehling, Stephan; Anker, Stefan D; Joebges, Michael; Doehner, Wolfram (2016). Evaluation of C-terminal Agrin Fragment as a marker of muscle wasting in patients after acute stroke during early rehabilitation. Journal of cachexia, sarcopenia and muscle, 7(1), pp. 60-67. Wiley 10.1002/jcsm.12068

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BACKGROUND C-terminal Agrin Fragment (CAF) has been proposed as a novel biomarker for sarcopenia originating from the degeneration of the neuromuscular junctions. In patients with stroke muscle wasting is a common observation that predicts functional outcome. We aimed to evaluate agrin sub-fragment CAF22 as a marker of decreased muscle mass and physical performance in the early phase after acute stroke. METHODS Patients with acute ischaemic or haemorrhagic stroke (n = 123, mean age 70 ± 11 y, body mass index BMI 27.0 ± 4.9 kg/m(2)) admitted to inpatient rehabilitation were studied in comparison to 26 healthy controls of similar age and BMI. Functional assessments were performed at begin (23 ± 17 days post stroke) and at the end of the structured rehabilitation programme (49 ± 18 days post stroke) that included physical assessment, maximum hand grip strength, Rivermead motor assessment, and Barthel index. Body composition was assessed by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). Serum levels of CAF22 were measured by ELISA. RESULTS CAF22 levels were elevated in stroke patients at admission (134.3 ± 52.3 pM) and showed incomplete recovery until discharge (118.2 ± 42.7 pM) compared to healthy controls (95.7 ± 31.8 pM, p < 0.001). Simple regression analyses revealed an association between CAF22 levels and parameters of physical performance, hand grip strength, and phase angle, a BIA derived measure of the muscle cellular integrity. Improvement of the handgrip strength of the paretic arm during rehabilitation was independently related to the recovery of CAF22 serum levels only in those patients who showed increased lean mass during the rehabilitation. CONCLUSIONS CAF22 serum profiles showed a dynamic elevation and recovery in the subacute phase after acute stroke. Further studies are needed to explore the potential of CAF22 as a serum marker to monitor the muscle status in patients after stroke.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic of Intensive Care

UniBE Contributor:

Schefold, Joerg C.


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Mirella Aeberhard

Date Deposited:

09 Jan 2017 10:28

Last Modified:

09 Jan 2017 10:28

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

C‐terminal Agrin Fragment; Muscle wasting; Physical performance; Post‐stroke rehabilitation; Skeletal muscle mass; Stroke





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