Are there differences in the changes in oral-health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) depending on the type (rigidity) of prosthetic treatment?

Bassetti, Renzo Giulio; Mericske, Regina; Enkling, Norbert (2016). Are there differences in the changes in oral-health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) depending on the type (rigidity) of prosthetic treatment? Quintessence international, 47(9), pp. 749-757. Quintessenz Verlags-GmbH 10.3290/j.qi.a36384

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OBJECTIVE This prospective pilot study investigated differences in changes in oral-health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) depending on the prosthetic treatment type (rigidity). METHOD AND MATERIALS Sixty participants seeking prosthetic treatment were included. The following data were collected before (T1) and 4 weeks after completion of prosthetic treatment (T2): OHRQoL (OHIP-G14) and dental status, categorized in terms of rigidity of the denture as fixed dental prosthesis (FDP, maximal rigidity), removable partial denture prosthesis (RPD, medium rigidity), or complete dentures (CDs, minimal rigidity). After prosthetic treatment, there were three groups of 20 participants: group 1, change in dental status to less rigid; group 2, equally rigid; group 3, more rigid restorations. Data were evaluated using nonparametric statistical test methods and power analysis. The minimally important difference (MID) of two OHIP-G14 units was determined to be clinically relevant. RESULTS At T1, 20 participants had FDP, 18 RPD, and 22 CD; at T2, 10 had FDP, 37 RPD, and 13 CD. Overall, average OHIP-G14 values improved clinically relevantly and statistically significantly (P < .001) with treatment. OHRQoL improved more in group 3, with a median of 8 (IQR 14.75; P = .002), than in group 2, with 2.5 (IQR 9.5; P = .033), or group 1, with 4.5 (IQR 16.5; P = .116). Applying MID, all groups improved clinically significantly. Compared to groups 1 and 2, group 3 improved clinically more significantly. CONCLUSION OHRQoL improved with prosthetic treatment. A patient-customized treatment regime seems as important as prosthesis type (rigidity).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Clinic of Reconstructive Dentistry and Gerodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Mericske, Regina and Enkling, Norbert

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0033-6572

Publisher:

Quintessenz Verlags-GmbH

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

20 Jan 2017 14:41

Last Modified:

20 Jan 2017 14:41

Publisher DOI:

10.3290/j.qi.a36384

PubMed ID:

27341467

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/91263

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