Robust Label-free, Quantitative Profiling of Circulating Plasma Microparticle (MP) Associated Proteins.

Braga, Sophie Marie-Pierre; Buchs, Natasha; Iacovache, Mircea Ioan; Zuber, Benoît; Jackson, Christopher; Heller, Manfred (2016). Robust Label-free, Quantitative Profiling of Circulating Plasma Microparticle (MP) Associated Proteins. Molecular & cellular proteomics, 15(12), pp. 3640-3652. American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 10.1074/mcp.M116.060491

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Cells of the vascular system release spherical vesicles, called microparticles, in the size range of 0.1-1 μm induced by a variety of stress factors resulting in variable concentrations between health and disease. Furthermore, microparticles have intercellular communication/signaling properties and interfere with inflammation and coagulation pathways. Today's most used analytical technology for microparticle characterization, flow cytometry, is lacking sensitivity and specificity, which might have led to the publication of contradicting results in the past.We propose the use of nano-liquid chromatography two-stage mass spectrometry as a nonbiased tool for quantitative MP proteome analysis.For this, we developed an improved microparticle isolation protocol and quantified the microparticle protein composition of twelve healthy volunteers with a label-free, data-dependent and independent proteomics approach on a quadrupole orbitrap instrument.Using aliquots of 250 μl platelet-free plasma from one individual donor, we achieved excellent reproducibility with an interassay coefficient of variation of 2.7 ± 1.7% (mean ± 1 standard deviation) on individual peptide intensities across 27 acquisitions performed over a period of 3.5 months. We show that the microparticle proteome between twelve healthy volunteers were remarkably similar, and that it is clearly distinguishable from whole cell and platelet lysates. We propose the use of the proteome profile shown in this work as a quality criterion for microparticle purity in proteomics studies. Furthermore, one freeze thaw cycle damaged the microparticle integrity, articulated by a loss of cytoplasm proteins, encompassing a specific set of proteins involved in regulating dynamic structures of the cytoskeleton, and thrombin activation leading to MP clotting. On the other hand, plasma membrane protein composition was unaffected. Finally, we show that multiplexed data-independent acquisition can be used for relative quantification of target proteins using Skyline software. Mass spectrometry data are available via ProteomeXchange (identifier PXD003935) and panoramaweb.org (https://panoramaweb.org/labkey/N1OHMk.url).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Unit Childrens Hospital > Forschungsgruppe Humangenetik
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Unit Childrens Hospital > Protein- und Zellbiologie
09 Interdisciplinary Units > Microscopy Imaging Center MIC

UniBE Contributor:

Braga, Sophie Marie-Pierre; Buchs, Natasha; Iacovache, Mircea Ioan; Zuber, Benoît; Jackson, Christopher and Heller, Manfred

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1535-9476

Publisher:

American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Benoît Zuber

Date Deposited:

12 Dec 2016 10:29

Last Modified:

14 Feb 2019 18:02

Publisher DOI:

10.1074/mcp.M116.060491

PubMed ID:

27738094

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.91357

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/91357

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