How do colonial Eurasian Griffon Vultures prevent extra-pair mating?

Bertran, Joan; Macià, Francesc Xavier; Margalida, Antoni (2016). How do colonial Eurasian Griffon Vultures prevent extra-pair mating? PeerJ, 4(e1749), e1749. PeerJ, Ltd 10.7717/peerj.1749

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In colonial breeding species, preventive measures to reduce the risks of extra-pair copulations (EPCs) should reflect the actual risk perceived by males (e.g., proximity of neighbors, intrusions into the nest) mainly during the fertile period. In colonial vultures, specific studies examining the preventive measures that minimize the risks of EPCs occurring within the competitive context of colonial breeding have not been conducted. Here we tested at Eurasian Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) nesting sites the intensity of paternity assurance behavior, shown as frequency and duration of withinpair copulations (WPCs), potential mate vigilance or nest attendance, and levels of aggressivity. This was measured according to the frequency of territorial intrusions and comparison of the fertile vs. the non-fertile period. Our findings suggest that the frequency of WPCs and their duration increased significantly during the presumed fertile period, regarded as the period when Griffon pairs spent significantly more time together at their nests. In addition, low levels of territorial intrusions were observed, an aggressive response of pairs towards intruders, and a relatively high presence of pairs at the nests during the fertile period. Thus, although nesting sites are subject to low exposure to EPC attempts, the increased frequency and duration of copulations during the fertile period suggests that, under pressure from the colonial breeding system, a higher rate of copulations is the most effective preventive mechanism against relative uncertainty of paternity.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Ecology and Evolution (IEE)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Ecology and Evolution (IEE) > Conservation Biology

UniBE Contributor:

Margalida, Antoni

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)

ISSN:

2167-8359

Publisher:

PeerJ, Ltd

Language:

English

Submitter:

Olivier Roth

Date Deposited:

12 Jul 2017 16:08

Last Modified:

16 Jul 2017 02:12

Publisher DOI:

10.7717/peerj.1749

PubMed ID:

26966674

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.93695

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/93695

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