Work-privacy conflict and musculoskeletal pain: a population-based test of a stress-sleep-mediation model

Elfering, Achim; Igic, Ivana; Keller, Anita; Meier, L. L.; Semmer, Norbert (2016). Work-privacy conflict and musculoskeletal pain: a population-based test of a stress-sleep-mediation model. Health psychology and behavioral medicine, 4(1), pp. 70-90. Taylor & Francis 10.1080/21642850.2016.1168301

Work privacy conflict and musculoskeletal pain a population based test of a stress sleep mediation model.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution (CC-BY).

Download (2MB) | Preview

Previous research has shown that work–privacy conflict (WPC) is associated with musculoskeletal pain (MSP), but the processes involved are unclear. This study simultaneously tested strain and sleep problems as mediators in three mediation paths (WPC →strain→MSP; WPC →sleep problems→MSP; and WPC →strain→sleep problems→MSP). Total mediation (including all three mediation paths) was expected to be stronger in older compared to younger participants, in participants doing shift work compared to those with regular work time, and in women compared to men. In a representative sample of the Swiss working population (N = 3438), WPC, strain, sleep problems, and MSP were assessed by self-report. A set of linear regressions and bootstrapping were used to test the indirect path coefficients. All three mediation paths were significant (ps < .001). The total indirect effect was stronger in women compared to men (p = .036) but mediation did not differ based on working schedules or age. However, tests of higher order moderated mediation showed that mediation was significantly higher in women aged 45 or older who did shift work than in all other combinations (p = .036). A process model postulating strain and sleep problems to mediate the association between WPC and MSP was empirically supported. Work redesign should reduce WPC in order to reduce strain, prevent sleeping problems, and reduce work-related MSP

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Work and Organisational Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Personality Psychology, Differential Psychology and Diagnostics

UniBE Contributor:

Elfering, Achim, Igic, Ivana (A), Keller, Anita (A), Semmer, Norbert Karl


100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 370 Education




Taylor & Francis




Christin Schild

Date Deposited:

21 Jun 2017 10:44

Last Modified:

29 Mar 2023 23:35

Publisher DOI:





Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback