Osteogain® loaded onto an absorbable collagen sponge induces attachment and osteoblast differentiation of ST2 cells in vitro

Miron, Richard John; Kobayashi, Masako; Zhang, Yufeng; Sculean, Anton; Pippenger, Benjamin; Shirakata, Yoshinori; Kandalam, Umadevi; Hernandez, Maria (2017). Osteogain® loaded onto an absorbable collagen sponge induces attachment and osteoblast differentiation of ST2 cells in vitro. Clinical oral investigations, 21(7), pp. 2265-2272. Springer 10.1007/s00784-016-2019-5

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OBJECTIVES: Dimensional changes of the alveolar bone following tooth extraction are a major challenge in daily dental practice. To limit bone loss, a variety of biomaterials including bone grafts, barrier membranes, and growth factors have been utilized either alone or in combination therapies to increase the speed and quality of new bone formation. The aim of the present in vitro study was to investigate the regenerative potential of Osteogain®, a new liquid carrier system of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) in combination with an absorbable collagen sponge (ACS) specifically designed for extraction socket healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The potential of ACS was first investigated using ELISA to quantify total amelogenin adsorption and release from 0 to 10 days. Thereafter, the cellular effects of ST2 pre-osteoblasts were investigated for cellular attachment at 8 h and cell proliferation at 1, 3, and 5 days as well as osteoblast differentiation by real-time PCR and alizarin red staining for cells seeded on (1) tissue culture plastic, (2) ACS alone, and (3) ACS + Osteogain®. RESULTS: ACS efficiently loaded nearly 100% of the amelogenin proteins found in Osteogain® which were gradually released up to a 10-day period. Osteogain® also significantly induced a 1.5-fold increase in cell attachment and resulted in a 2-6-fold increase in mRNA levels of osteoblast differentiation markers including runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), collagen1a2, alkaline phosphatase, and bone sialoprotein as well as induced alizarin red staining when combined with ACS. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, these findings suggest that Osteogain® is capable of inducing osteoblast attachment and differentiation when combined with ACS. Future animal studies and randomized human clinical trials are necessary to further support these findings. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The use of Osteogain® in combination with ACS may provide a valuable means to limit dimensional changes following tooth extraction. KEYWORDS: Absorbable collagen sponge; Bone regeneration; Enamel matrix derivative; Enamel matrix proteins; Growth factor; Regenerative therapy; Tooth extraction; Tooth loss

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Schädel-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Schädel-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Miron, Richard John and Kobayashi, Masako

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1432-6981

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Caroline Dominique Zürcher

Date Deposited:

17 May 2017 12:20

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2017 08:01

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00784-016-2019-5

PubMed ID:

27909893

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Absorbable collagen sponge; Bone regeneration; Enamel matrix derivative; Enamel matrix proteins; Growth factor; Regenerative therapy; Tooth extraction; Tooth loss

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.95114

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/95114

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