Cognitive Interference in Sports – Validation of a German Version of the Thoughts Occurrence Questionnaire Sport (TOQS)

Röthlin, Philipp; Horvath, Stephan; Birrer, Daniel; Güttinger, Leonie; grosse Holtforth, Martin (2016). Cognitive Interference in Sports – Validation of a German Version of the Thoughts Occurrence Questionnaire Sport (TOQS). Diagnostica, 63(2), pp. 112-121. Hogrefe 10.1026/0012-1924/a000167

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Concentration is essential for athletic performance. The disturbance of concentration by thoughts is called cognitive interference. In English-speaking countries, this interference is assessed with the Thought Occurrence Questionnaire for Sport (TOQS; Hatzigeorgiadis & Biddle, 2000). The present study validated a German version (TOQS-D) on two samples consisting of a total of 348 athletes (56 % male, Mage = 25, SDage = 6, 61 % team sports, 53 % national team members). An exploratory factor analysis (Sample 1) and a confirmatory factor analysis (Sample 2) confirmed the structure of the original version with three correlated factors: performance worries, task-irrelevant thoughts, and thoughts of escape. The scale has good reliability scores (internal consistency: α = .89; test–retest reliability: r = .82). In addition, the TOQS-D shows the expected convergent (concentration disruption, competition anxiety), divergent (mindfulness), and criterion validity (self-assessment of athletic performance). The TOQS-D can be considered an appropriate questionnaire, and its applications in practice and research is discussed.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Personality Psychology, Differential Psychology and Diagnostics
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology > Centre of Competence for Psychosomatic Medicine
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Horvath, Stephan and Grosse Holtforth, Martin

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 370 Education
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0012-1924

Publisher:

Hogrefe

Language:

German

Submitter:

Annette Barbara Kocher

Date Deposited:

06 Mar 2017 09:54

Last Modified:

10 Oct 2017 17:20

Publisher DOI:

10.1026/0012-1924/a000167

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.95345

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/95345

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