Accuracy and Calibration of Computational Approaches for Inpatient Mortality Predictive Modeling.

Nakas, Christos T.; Schütz, Narayan; Werners, Marcus; Leichtle, Alexander Benedikt (2016). Accuracy and Calibration of Computational Approaches for Inpatient Mortality Predictive Modeling. PLoS ONE, 11(7), e0159046. Public Library of Science 10.1371/journal.pone.0159046

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Electronic Health Record (EHR) data can be a key resource for decision-making support in clinical practice in the "big data" era. The complete database from early 2012 to late 2015 involving hospital admissions to Inselspital Bern, the largest Swiss University Hospital, was used in this study, involving over 100,000 admissions. Age, sex, and initial laboratory test results were the features/variables of interest for each admission, the outcome being inpatient mortality. Computational decision support systems were utilized for the calculation of the risk of inpatient mortality. We assessed the recently proposed Acute Laboratory Risk of Mortality Score (ALaRMS) model, and further built generalized linear models, generalized estimating equations, artificial neural networks, and decision tree systems for the predictive modeling of the risk of inpatient mortality. The Area Under the ROC Curve (AUC) for ALaRMS marginally corresponded to the anticipated accuracy (AUC = 0.858). Penalized logistic regression methodology provided a better result (AUC = 0.872). Decision tree and neural network-based methodology provided even higher predictive performance (up to AUC = 0.912 and 0.906, respectively). Additionally, decision tree-based methods can efficiently handle Electronic Health Record (EHR) data that have a significant amount of missing records (in up to >50% of the studied features) eliminating the need for imputation in order to have complete data. In conclusion, we show that statistical learning methodology can provide superior predictive performance in comparison to existing methods and can also be production ready. Statistical modeling procedures provided unbiased, well-calibrated models that can be efficient decision support tools for predicting inpatient mortality and assigning preventive measures.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Institute of Clinical Chemistry

UniBE Contributor:

Nakas, Christos T.; Schütz, Narayan and Leichtle, Alexander Benedikt

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

1932-6203

Publisher:

Public Library of Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Marie-Christine Müller

Date Deposited:

24 May 2017 17:01

Last Modified:

24 May 2017 17:01

Publisher DOI:

10.1371/journal.pone.0159046

PubMed ID:

27414408

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.95593

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/95593

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