Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Economic Growth: An Assessment Based on Production and Consumption Emission Inventories

Fernandez-Amador, Octavio; Francois, Joseph; Oberdabernig, Doris Anita; Tomberger, Patrick (2017). Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Economic Growth: An Assessment Based on Production and Consumption Emission Inventories. Ecological economics, 135, pp. 269-279. Elsevier 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.01.004

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Working with a new dataset on comparable global CO2 production and consumption inventories spanning the 1997–2011 period, we investigate the relationship between real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and CO2 emissions per capita associated with both production and consumption activities. By including linkages between production-based emissions in one country and final consumption in another (via cross-border value chains), we focus on the entire carbon chain. We estimate polynomial and threshold models, accounting for reverse causality and identification problems. We find that the income-elasticity for both inventories is regime-dependent and reflects small carbon efficiency gains from economic development. Carbon footprints show larger income-elasticities, while national policy instruments targeting production can clearly be circumvented by carbon embodied in intermediate trade. This implies problems of environmental sustainability that may require consumption-based policy instruments.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

02 Faculty of Law > Department of Economic Law > World Trade Institute
10 Strategic Research Centers > World Trade Institute

02 Faculty of Law > Department of Economic Law > NCCR International Trade Regulation

UniBE Contributor:

Fernandez-Amador, Octavio; Francois, Joseph; Oberdabernig, Doris Anita and Tomberger, Patrick

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 340 Law
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 380 Commerce, communications & transportation
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 330 Economics

ISSN:

0921-8009

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Rebecca Anne Gilgen

Date Deposited:

15 Feb 2017 09:20

Last Modified:

31 May 2017 14:10

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.01.004

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/95716

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