A prospective study of mediastinal gray-zone lymphoma.

Wilson, Wyndham H; Pittaluga, Stefania; Nicolae, Alina; Camphausen, Kevin; Shovlin, Margaret; Steinberg, Seth M; Roschewski, Mark; Staudt, Louis M; Jaffe, Elaine S; Dunleavy, Kieron (2014). A prospective study of mediastinal gray-zone lymphoma. Blood, 124(10), pp. 1563-1569. American Society of Hematology 10.1182/blood-2014-03-564906

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Mediastinal B-cell lymphomas present in the mediastinum and are most frequent in young patients. Nodular sclerosis Hodgkin lymphoma (NSHL) and primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBL) are the common types, whereas mediastinal gray-zone lymphoma (MGZL) is extremely rare and has pathological features intermediate between NSHL and PMBL. The indeterminate pathobiology of MGZL has led to uncertainty regarding therapeutic strategy, and its clinical characteristics and treatment have not been characterized. We conducted a prospective study of infusional dose-adjusted etoposide, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide with vincristine, prednisone, and rituximab (DA-EPOCH-R) and filgrastim in untreated MGZL. We analyzed biomarkers of outcome and compared their clinical and biological characteristics to PMBL. Twenty-four MGZL patients had a median age of 33 years (range, 14 to 59 years), and 46% had mediastinal masses ≥10 cm. At 59 months median follow-up, the event-free survival and overall survival were 62% and 74%, respectively. The serum absolute lymphocyte count, the presence of tumor-infiltrating dendritic cells, CD15 expression on the malignant cells, and tumor morphology were biomarkers of outcome in MGZL. Compared with PMBL, MGZL patients were more likely to be male, express CD15, have lower expression of CD20, and have a worse outcome. DA-EPOCH-R alone is effective in MGZL. The trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT00001337).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology

UniBE Contributor:

Nicolae, Alina

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0006-4971

Publisher:

American Society of Hematology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Ekkehard Hewer

Date Deposited:

20 Apr 2017 14:39

Last Modified:

20 Apr 2017 14:39

Publisher DOI:

10.1182/blood-2014-03-564906

PubMed ID:

25024303

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/95944

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