Gaze Strategies in skateboard trick jumps: Spatiotemporal constraints in complex locomotion

Klostermann, André; Küng, Philip (2017). Gaze Strategies in skateboard trick jumps: Spatiotemporal constraints in complex locomotion. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 88(1), pp. 101-107. Taylor & Francis 10.1080/02701367.2016.1229864

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Purpose. This study aimed to further the knowledge on gaze behavior in locomotion by stud-ying gaze strategies in skateboard jumps of different difficulty that had to be performed ei-ther with or without an obstacle. Method. Nine experienced skateboarders performed “Ollie” and “Kickflip” jumps over either an obstacle or over plane surface. The stable gaze at five different areas of interest was calculated regarding its relative duration as well as its temporal order. Results. Over the approach phase, an interaction between area of interest and obstacle condition, F(3, 24) = 12.91, p < .05, ηp2 = .62, was found with longer stable-gaze locations at the take-off area in attempts with an obstacle (p < .05, ηp2 = .47). In contrast, in attempts over plane surface longer stable gaze locations at the skateboard were revealed (p < .05, ηp2 = .73). Regarding the trick-difficulty factor, the skateboarders descriptively showed longer stable gaze locations at the skateboard for the “Kickflip” than for the “Ollie” in the no-obstacle condition only (p > .05, d = 0.74). Finally, over the jump phase, neither obstacle condition nor trick difficulty affected gaze behavior differentially. Conclusions. This study underlines the functional adaptability of the visuomotor system to changing demands in highly dynamic situations. As a function of certain constraints, different gaze strategies were observed that can be considered as being highly relevant for successfully performing skateboard jumps.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science IV

UniBE Contributor:

Klostermann, André

Subjects:

700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

ISSN:

0270-1367

Publisher:

Taylor & Francis

Language:

English

Submitter:

André Klostermann

Date Deposited:

23 Feb 2017 08:43

Last Modified:

20 Aug 2018 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1080/02701367.2016.1229864

Uncontrolled Keywords:

ocomotion, perception-action-coupling, eye tracking, anticipatory behavior

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.96044

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/96044

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