The minimal requirements to use calcium imaging to analyze ICRAC.

Alansary, Dalia; Kilch, Tatiana; Holzmann, Christian; Peinelt, Christine; Hoth, Markus; Lis, Annette (2014). The minimal requirements to use calcium imaging to analyze ICRAC. Cold Spring Harbor protocols, 2014(6), pp. 638-642. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory 10.1101/pdb.prot073262

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Endogenous calcium release-activated channel (CRAC) currents are usually quite small and not always easy to measure using the patch-clamp technique. While we have, for instance, successfully recorded very small CRAC currents in primary human effector T cells, we have not yet managed to record CRAC in naïve primary human T cells. Many groups, including ours, therefore use Ca(2+) imaging technologies to analyze CRAC-dependent Ca(2+) influx. However, Ca(2+) signals are quite complex and depend on many different transporter activities; thus, it is not trivial to make quantitative statements about one single transporter, in this case CRAC channels. Therefore, a detailed patch-clamp analysis of ICRAC is always preferred. Since many laboratories use Ca(2+) imaging for ICRAC analysis, we detail here the minimal requirements for reliable measurements. Ca(2+) signals not only depend on the net Ca(2+) influx through CRAC channels but also depend on other Ca(2+) influx mechanisms, K(+) channels or Cl(-) channels (which determine the membrane potential), Ca(2+) export mechanisms like plasma membrane Ca(2+) ATPase (PMCA), sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase (SERCA) or Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchangers, and (local) Ca(2+) buffering often by mitochondria. In this protocol, we summarize a set of experiments that allow (quantitative) statements about CRAC channel activity using Ca(2+) imaging experiments, including the ability to rule out Ca(2+) signals from other sources.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Peinelt, Christine

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1940-3402

Publisher:

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christine Peinelt

Date Deposited:

18 Jun 2018 14:28

Last Modified:

18 Jun 2018 14:28

Publisher DOI:

10.1101/pdb.prot073262

PubMed ID:

24890204

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.97452

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/97452

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