The minimal requirements to use calcium imaging to analyze ICRAC.

Alansary, Dalia; Kilch, Tatiana; Holzmann, Christian; Peinelt, Christine; Hoth, Markus; Lis, Annette (2014). The minimal requirements to use calcium imaging to analyze ICRAC. Cold Spring Harbor protocols, 2014(6), pp. 638-642. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory 10.1101/pdb.prot073262

[img] Text
The Minimal Requirements.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (188kB) | Request a copy

Endogenous calcium release-activated channel (CRAC) currents are usually quite small and not always easy to measure using the patch-clamp technique. While we have, for instance, successfully recorded very small CRAC currents in primary human effector T cells, we have not yet managed to record CRAC in naïve primary human T cells. Many groups, including ours, therefore use Ca(2+) imaging technologies to analyze CRAC-dependent Ca(2+) influx. However, Ca(2+) signals are quite complex and depend on many different transporter activities; thus, it is not trivial to make quantitative statements about one single transporter, in this case CRAC channels. Therefore, a detailed patch-clamp analysis of ICRAC is always preferred. Since many laboratories use Ca(2+) imaging for ICRAC analysis, we detail here the minimal requirements for reliable measurements. Ca(2+) signals not only depend on the net Ca(2+) influx through CRAC channels but also depend on other Ca(2+) influx mechanisms, K(+) channels or Cl(-) channels (which determine the membrane potential), Ca(2+) export mechanisms like plasma membrane Ca(2+) ATPase (PMCA), sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase (SERCA) or Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchangers, and (local) Ca(2+) buffering often by mitochondria. In this protocol, we summarize a set of experiments that allow (quantitative) statements about CRAC channel activity using Ca(2+) imaging experiments, including the ability to rule out Ca(2+) signals from other sources.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Peinelt, Christine


500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory




Christine Peinelt

Date Deposited:

18 Jun 2018 14:28

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:03

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:





Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback