The Politics of Trade Agreement Design: Revisiting the Depth–Flexibility Nexus

Baccini, Leonardo; Dür, Andreas; Elsig, Manfred (2015). The Politics of Trade Agreement Design: Revisiting the Depth–Flexibility Nexus. International Studies Quarterly, 59(4), pp. 765-775. 10.1111/isqu.12188

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Existing research indicates the interrelated nature of different dimensions of the design of international institutions. In particular, it shows the greater flexibility of deep agreements. We argue—and demonstrate empirically—that the positive relationship between depth and flexibility holds for preferential trade agreements (PTAs). But we add two qualifications to the conventional wisdom that depth and flexibility go hand in hand. First, we argue that the positive relationship between depth and flexibility proves weaker for democracies than for nondemocracies. Second, when making deep agreements more flexible, countries also add strings to the use of the additional flexibility provisions. An original data set on the design of 587 PTAs allows us to test our arguments. Both descriptive evidence and multivariate statistics support the theoretical expectations. The findings contribute to the literatures on the design of international institutions and the causes and consequences of PTAs.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

03 Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences > Other Institutions > Teaching Staff, Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences
02 Faculty of Law > Department of Economic Law > World Trade Institute
10 Strategic Research Centers > World Trade Institute

11 Centers of Competence > Center of Comptetence for Public Management (KPM)

UniBE Contributor:

Elsig, Manfred

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 380 Commerce, communications & transportation
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 320 Political science
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 340 Law

ISSN:

0020-8833

Language:

English

Submitter:

Rebecca Anne Gilgen

Date Deposited:

09 May 2017 10:10

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2019 14:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/isqu.12188

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.98433

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/98433

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