Die Rolle der europäischen Imperialmächte für den Verlauf des armenischen Schismas (1871-1879/81)

Kartashyan, Mariam (2016). Die Rolle der europäischen Imperialmächte für den Verlauf des armenischen Schismas (1871-1879/81). Internationale kirchliche Zeitschrift IKZ, 106(4), pp. 273-294. Stämpfli

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The papal bull Reversurus (1867) and its dogmatic legitimization at the First Vatican Council (1870) not only caused ecclesiastical controversy and schism in the Armenian Catholic Church, but also had political consequences. The original conflict between the Armenian Catholics and Rome escalated in Constantinople soon attracting the attention of the European imperial powers. The main political powers involved in the Armenian affair were France, the British Empire, Austria- Hungary, the German Empire, and Russia. The historical and political background and the relation of the European imperial powers played a significant role for the duration and conclusion (1879–1881) of the Armenian schism. The antiultramontane Armenians received the support and approval of the Ottoman Empire in the first half of the 1870s mostly because the European powers did not assist the Pope enough. In the second half of the 1870s, as the European imperial powers used their influence on the Ottoman Empire in order to promote papal interests in the Ottoman Empire, the pope was able to reassert power there.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


01 Faculty of Theology > Institute of Old Catholic Theology
01 Faculty of Theology > Department of Old Catholic Theology [discontinued]

UniBE Contributor:

Kartashyan, Mariam


200 Religion > 280 Christian denominations
200 Religion > 230 Christianity & Christian theology
200 Religion > 270 History of Christianity
900 History > 940 History of Europe
900 History > 950 History of Asia








Mariam Kartashyan

Date Deposited:

19 Apr 2017 15:41

Last Modified:

09 May 2018 16:48



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