Basophil-derived interleukin-4 promotes epicutaneous antigen sensitization concomitant with the development of food allergy

Hussain, Maryam; Borcard, Loic; Walsh, Kevin P.; Rodriguez, Maria Pena; Müller, Christoph; Kim, Brian S.; Kubo, Masato; Artis, David; Noti, Mario (2018). Basophil-derived interleukin-4 promotes epicutaneous antigen sensitization concomitant with the development of food allergy. Journal of allergy and clinical immunology, 141(1), 223-234.e5. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jaci.2017.02.035

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BACKGROUND:
Exaggerated thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) production and infiltration of basophils are associated with the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD), a recognized risk factor for the development of food allergies. Although TSLP and basophils have been implicated in promotion of food-induced allergic disorders in response to epicutaneous sensitization, the mechanisms by which TSLP-elicited basophils guide the progression of allergic inflammation in the skin to distant mucosal sites, such as the gastrointestinal tract, are poorly understood.
OBJECTIVE:
We sought to test the role of basophil-intrinsic IL-4 production in TH2 sensitization to food antigens in the skin and effector food-induced allergic responses in the gut.
METHODS:
Mice were epicutaneously sensitized with ovalbumin on an AD-like skin lesion, followed by intragastric antigen challenge to induce IgE-mediated food allergy. The requirement for basophil-derived IL-4 production for TH2 polarization and the pathogenesis of IgE-mediated food allergy was assessed in vitro by using coculture experiments with naive T cells and in vivo by using Il4 3'UTR mice that selectively lack IL-4 production in basophils.
RESULTS:
Epicutaneous food antigen sensitization is associated with infiltration of IL-4-competent innate immune cells to the skin, with basophils and eosinophils representing the predominant populations. In contrast to basophils, absence of eosinophils did not alter disease outcome. Coculture of IL-4-competent basophils together with dendritic cells and naive T cells was sufficient to promote TH2 polarization in an IL-4-dependent manner in vitro, whereas absence of basophil-intrinsic IL-4 production in vivo was associated with reduced food-induced allergic responses.
CONCLUSION:
TSLP-elicited basophils promote epicutaneous sensitization to food antigens and subsequent IgE-mediated food allergy through IL-4. Strategies to target the TSLP-basophil-IL-4 axis in patients with AD might lead to innovative therapies that can prevent the progression of allergies to distant mucosal sites.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology > Immunopathology

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences (GCB)

UniBE Contributor:

Hussain, Maryam; Müller, Christoph and Noti, Mario

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

0091-6749

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Mario Noti

Date Deposited:

11 Jul 2017 12:54

Last Modified:

10 Jan 2018 01:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jaci.2017.02.035

PubMed ID:

28390860

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.99366

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/99366

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