Micropapillary urothelial carcinoma: evaluation of HER2 status and immunohistochemical characterization of the molecular subtype.

Zinnall, Ulrike; Weyerer, Veronika; Compérat, Eva; Camparo, Philippe; Gaisa, Nadine T; Knuechel-Clarke, Ruth; Perren, Aurel; Lugli, Alessandro; Toma, Marieta; Baretton, Gustavo; Kristiansen, Glen; Wirtz, Ralf M; Cheng, Liang; Wullich, Bernd; Stoehr, Robert; Hartmann, Arndt; Bertz, Simone (2018). Micropapillary urothelial carcinoma: evaluation of HER2 status and immunohistochemical characterization of the molecular subtype. Human pathology, 80, pp. 55-64. Elsevier 10.1016/j.humpath.2018.05.022

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Comprehensive molecular analyses of urothelial bladder cancer (UBC) have defined distinct subtypes with potential therapeutic implications. In this study, we focused on micropapillary urothelial carcinoma (MPUC), an aggressive, histomorphologically defined rare variant. Apart from genetic alterations shared with conventional UBC alterations of the HER2 gene have been reported in higher frequencies. However, only small cohorts of MPUCs have been analyzed and the real impact is still unclear. We collected a cohort of 94 MPUCs and immunohistochemically tested HER2, basal (CD44, CK5, EGFR, p63) and luminal (CD24, FOXA1, GATA3, CK20) markers to allocate MPUC to a molecular subtype. Additionally, HER2 amplification status was assigned by chromogenic in-situ-hybridization. Sanger sequencing of Exon 4 and 8 was used to test for HER2 mutations. Kruskal-Wallis test was calculated to compare marker distribution between proportions of the MPUC component. 2+/3+ HER2 staining scores were identified in 39.6% of 91 analyzed MPUCs and were not differentially distributed among the proportion of the MPUC component (P=.89). Additionally, CISH analysis revealed 30% of HER2 amplified tumors independently of the MPUC fraction. In 6/90 evaluable MPUCs a p.S310F HER2 mutation was detected. Overexpression of luminal markers was observed in the majority of MPUC. Our investigations of the largest cohort of analyzed MPUC demonstrate that HER2 overexpression and amplifications are common genetic alterations and identification of overexpressed luminal markers allows sub-classification to the luminal subtype. These findings highlight the need of histomorphological recognition of MPUC and analysis of HER2 status and the luminal molecular subtype for potential targeted therapeutic strategies.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology

UniBE Contributor:

Perren, Aurel and Lugli, Alessandro

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0046-8177

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Aurel Perren

Date Deposited:

30 Aug 2018 10:06

Last Modified:

14 May 2020 11:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.humpath.2018.05.022

PubMed ID:

29885409

Uncontrolled Keywords:

HER2 Micropapillary Variant Molecular Subtype Targeted Therapy Urothelial Bladder Cancer

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.119687

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/119687

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