Simulated patient-based teaching of medical students improves pre-anaesthetic assessment: A rater-blinded randomised controlled trial.

Berger-Estilita, Joana M.; Greif, Robert; Berendonk, Christoph; Stricker, Daniel; Schnabel, Kai P. (2020). Simulated patient-based teaching of medical students improves pre-anaesthetic assessment: A rater-blinded randomised controlled trial. European journal of anaesthesiology, 37(5), pp. 387-393. Wolters Kluwer 10.1097/EJA.0000000000001139

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BACKGROUND Pre-anaesthetic assessment of patients is a complex competency that needs to be taught during anaesthesia clerkships. OBJECTIVES We aimed to improve student teaching and investigated the effectiveness of trained 'simulated patients' (lay persons or actors trained to portray specific roles or symptoms) in the teaching of medical students to perform routine pre-anaesthetic assessments. We hypothesised that the intervention of one 30-min teaching sequence with a simulated patient will improve the performance of year 4 medical students in pre-anaesthesia assessment of elective surgical patients, compared with the control of standard apprentice-based teaching. DESIGN Randomised controlled trial. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS One hundred and forty-four year 4 medical students at the University of Bern. INTERVENTION These students were randomised to either the standard clinician-supervised learning in the operating theatre (n=71; control group) or a single teaching session with a simulated patient (nonhealthcare provider, as a trained layperson) (n=73; intervention group). Both groups of students then performed pre-anaesthetic patient visits. The student performances during these visits were assessed according to the mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise tool by trained anaesthesiologists blinded to randomisation. The 71 students in the standard clinical supervision group also underwent the simulated patient teaching session on the day following the assessments. RESULTS The students in the intervention group of simulated patient teaching scored significantly higher in both their mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise overall impression scores (8.8 ± 0.8 vs. 8.3 ± 0.9; P = 0.004) and mean domain scores (8.7 ± 0.8 vs. 8.3 ± 0.9; P = 0.01), compared with those of the control group with the standard clinical supervision. CONCLUSION The current single teaching encounter with a trained layperson acting as a simulated patient improved medical student performances in their pre-anaesthetic clinical assessment of surgical patients. This might be a suitable alternative to reduce the teaching burden for busy and costly clinicians.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute for Medical Education > Master of Medical Education (MME)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute for Medical Education > Assessment and Evaluation Unit (AAE)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute for Medical Education
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic and Policlinic for Anaesthesiology and Pain Therapy

UniBE Contributor:

Berger-Estilita, Joana; Greif, Robert; Berendonk, Christoph; Stricker, Daniel and Schnabel, Kai

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1365-2346

Publisher:

Wolters Kluwer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Jeannie Wurz

Date Deposited:

20 Jan 2020 15:48

Last Modified:

03 Jul 2020 12:12

Publisher DOI:

10.1097/EJA.0000000000001139

PubMed ID:

31860597

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.137484

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/137484

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