Correlation of cytomorphology and histopathology in the diagnostic process of myeloid malignancies

Engelbrecht, Laura; Götze, Katharina; Schwamborn, Kristina; Müller-Thomas, Catharina; Alpermann, Tamara; Bonadies, Nicolas; Legros, Myriam; Flach, Johanna; Pabst, Thomas; Banz, Yara; Bacher, Vera (2019). Correlation of cytomorphology and histopathology in the diagnostic process of myeloid malignancies. Hematology & medical oncology OAT 10.15761/HMO.1000190

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Bone marrow cytomorphology and histopathology are the cornerstones for the initial diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and other related myeloid disorders. They provide a rapid first insight into diagnostic categories and thus help in clinical decision making. However, difficulties in the morphologic assessment of MDS exist due to inter- and intra-observer variability. In this study, we directly compared the results of cytomorphology and histopathology obtained in a real-world diagnostic scenario in 90 patients with myeloid malignancies aiming to evaluate their validity for diagnosing and classifying various myeloid malignancies. While both techniques placed 80% of our bone marrow samples into the same diagnostic category and thus showed a good correlation, our study also demonstrates the limitations in correlating marrow cytomorphology and histopathology, even following stringent and repetitive diagnostic assessments. This was particularly true for CMML, where not only additional diagnostic tools such as molecular genetics or clinical evaluation but also the analysis of the peripheral blood smears aided in finding the correct diagnosis. Overall, our data emphasize the need for a comprehensive diagnostic review in a patient-for-patient setting when a myeloid malignancy is suspected or confirmed. We propose that the combination of cytomorphologic and histopathologic assessment with clinical, laboratory, and genetic parameters is essential in achieving high diagnostic accuracy in an interdisciplinary setting.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Haematology and Central Haematological Laboratory
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Unit Childrens Hospital > Forschungsgruppe Hämatologie (Erwachsene)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Medical Oncology

UniBE Contributor:

Bonadies, Nicolas; Pabst Müller, Thomas Niklaus; Banz Wälti, Yara and Bacher, Vera Ulrike

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2398-8495

Publisher:

OAT

Language:

English

Submitter:

Rebeka Gerber

Date Deposited:

07 Jan 2020 08:58

Last Modified:

07 Jan 2020 08:58

Publisher DOI:

10.15761/HMO.1000190

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.137652

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/137652

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