Geospatial analysis applied to seroepidemiological survey of canine leishmaniosis in east-central Portugal.

Pires, Humberto; Martins, Manuel; Matos, Ana Cristina; Cardoso, Luís; Monteiro, Fernando; Roque, Natália; Nunes, Telmo; Gottstein, Bruno; Cortes, Helder (2019). Geospatial analysis applied to seroepidemiological survey of canine leishmaniosis in east-central Portugal. Veterinary parasitology, 274, p. 108930. Elsevier 10.1016/j.vetpar.2019.108930

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Despite the high prevalence of canine Leishmania infantum infection in Portugal, significant differences associated with different risk factors can be found between geographically contiguous areas. In this study, a geographical area within the central region of Portugal (municipalities of Proença-a-Nova, Mação and Vila de Rei) was investigated. An epidemiological survey involved the analysis by an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of serum samples collected during the anti-rabies vaccination campaign from 282 dogs. Geospatial analysis showed the distribution of geospatial prevalence of leishmaniosis and has delimited two areas (clusters) with a statistically significant higher risk of seropositivity in dogs (p =  0.003 and p = 0.027, for clusters 1 and 2, respectively). The highest seroprevalence (56.0%; CI: 41.2-70.0) was found in Vila de Rei. Five land occupation types showed a possible influence on the geographic distribution of seropositivity, with statistically significant differences between seropositive and seronegative dogs. Land occupied by temporary irrigated crops (p =  0.026), olive groves (p =  0.013), complex cultural systems and parcelling (p =  0.021), open forests, logging and new plantations (p =  0.043) and watercourses (p =  0.012) influenced the geographical distribution of canine Leishmania infection. Seropositive dogs had a greater average area of occupied land (i.e. open forests, logging and new plantations) than the seronegative ones (3.1439 km2 versus 2.5650 km2, respectively; p =  0.043).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute for Infectious Diseases > Research
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute for Infectious Diseases > Parasitology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute for Infectious Diseases
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Parasitology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP)

UniBE Contributor:

Gottstein, Bruno

Subjects:

500 Science
600 Technology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0304-4017

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Bruno Gottstein

Date Deposited:

20 Jan 2020 08:50

Last Modified:

26 Jan 2020 02:50

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.vetpar.2019.108930

PubMed ID:

31586700

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Dogs Epidemiology GIS Leishmania Portugal Serology

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.138676

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/138676

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