Ancient genomes reveal social and genetic structure of Late Neolithic Switzerland

Furtwängler, Anja; Rohrlach, A. B.; Lamnidis, Thiseas C.; Papac, Luka; Neumann, Gunnar U.; Siebke, Inga; Reiter, Ella; Steuri, Noah; Hald, Jürgen; Denaire, Anthony; Schnitzler, Bernadette; Wahl, Joachim; Ramstein, Marianne; Schuenemann, Verena J.; Stockhammer, Philipp W.; Hafner, Albert; Lösch, Sandra; Haak, Wolfgang; Schiffels, Stephan and Krause, Johannes (2020). Ancient genomes reveal social and genetic structure of Late Neolithic Switzerland. Nature Communications, 11(1), p. 1915. 10.1038/s41467-020-15560-x

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Genetic studies of Neolithic and Bronze Age skeletons from Europe have provided evidence for strong population genetic changes at the beginning and the end of the Neolithic period. To further understand the implications of these in Southern Central Europe, we analyze 96 ancient genomes from Switzerland, Southern Germany, and the Alsace region in France, covering the Middle/Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age. Similar to previously described genetic changes in other parts of Europe from the early 3rd millennium BCE, we detect an arrival of ancestry related to Late Neolithic pastoralists from the Pontic-Caspian steppe in Switzerland as early as 2860-2460 calBCE. Our analyses suggest that this genetic turnover was a complex process lasting almost 1000 years and involved highly genetically structured populations in this region.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine
06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of Archaeological Sciences
06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of Archaeological Sciences > Pre- and Early History
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Anthropology

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences (GCB)

UniBE Contributor:

Siebke, Inga Katharina Elisabeth; Steuri, Noah; Hafner, Albert and Lösch, Sandra

Subjects:

900 History > 930 History of ancient world (to ca. 499)
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
900 History > 940 History of Europe

ISSN:

2041-1723

Funders:

[42] Schweizerischer Nationalfonds

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sandra Lösch

Date Deposited:

11 May 2020 20:50

Last Modified:

17 May 2020 02:46

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/s41467-020-15560-x

PubMed ID:

32313080

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.143907

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/143907

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