Collisional heating and compaction of small bodies: Constraints for their origin and evolution

Jutzi, Martin; Michel, Patrick (2020). Collisional heating and compaction of small bodies: Constraints for their origin and evolution. Icarus, 350, p. 113867. Elsevier 10.1016/j.icarus.2020.113867

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The current properties of small bodies provide important clues to their origin and history. However, how much small bodies were processed by past collisions and to what extent they retain a record of processes that took place during the formation and early evolution of the Solar System is still poorly understood. Here we study the degree of collisional heating and compaction by analysing the large set of previous simulations of small body break-ups by Jutzi et al. (2019), which used porous targets of 50–400 km in diameter and investigated a large range of impact velocities, angles as well as energies. We find that the degree of impact processing is generally larger than found in previous studies which considered smaller objects (e.g. Jutzi et al., 2017; Schwartz et al., 2018). However, there is a clear dichotomy in terms of impact processing: the escaping material always experiences stronger heating than the material bound to the largest remnant. Assuming they originate from the same parent body, some of the observed differences between the recently visited asteroids Ryugu and Bennu may be explained by a different location of the material eventually forming these asteroids in the original parent body. Our results also provide constraints on the initial size of cometary nuclei.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Space Research and Planetary Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > NCCR PlanetS

UniBE Contributor:

Jutzi, Martin


500 Science > 520 Astronomy
600 Technology > 620 Engineering








Dora Ursula Zimmerer

Date Deposited:

03 Nov 2020 09:48

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:41

Publisher DOI:





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