Global hotspots for the occurrence of compound events

Ridder, Nina N.; Pitman, Andy J.; Westra, Seth; Ukkola, Anna; Hong, X. Do; Bador, Margot; Hirsch, Annette L.; Evans, Jason P.; Di Luca, Alejandro; Zscheischler, Jakob (2020). Global hotspots for the occurrence of compound events. Nature Communications, 11(1) Springer Nature 10.1038/s41467-020-19639-3

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Compound events (CEs) are weather and climate events that result from multiple hazards or drivers with the potential to cause severe socio-economic impacts. Compared with isolated hazards, the multiple hazards/drivers associated with CEs can lead to higher economic losses and death tolls. Here, we provide the first analysis of multiple multivariate CEs potentially causing high-impact floods, droughts, and fires. Using observations and reanalysis data during 1980–2014, we analyse 27 hazard pairs and provide the first spatial estimates of their occurrences on the global scale. We identify hotspots of multivariate CEs including many socio-economically important regions such as North America, Russia and western Europe. We analyse the relative importance of different multivariate CEs in six continental regions to highlight CEs posing the highest risk. Our results provide initial guidance to assess the regional risk of CE events and an observationally-based dataset to aid evaluation of climate models for simulating multivariate CEs.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Climate and Environmental Physics
10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)

UniBE Contributor:

Zscheischler, Jakob

Subjects:

500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

2041-1723

Publisher:

Springer Nature

Funders:

[4] Swiss National Science Foundation

Projects:

[1295] New metrics for constraining multiple drivers of hazard and compound hazards Official URL

Language:

English

Submitter:

Jakob Zscheischler

Date Deposited:

13 Jan 2021 11:35

Last Modified:

13 Jan 2021 11:44

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/s41467-020-19639-3

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/148811

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/148811

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