Working with entrustable professional activities in clinical education in undergraduate medical education: a scoping review

Pinilla, Severin; Lenouvel, Eric; Cantisani, Andrea; Klöppel, Stefan; Strik, Werner; Huwendiek, Sören; Nissen, Christoph (2021). Working with entrustable professional activities in clinical education in undergraduate medical education: a scoping review. BMC medical education, 21(1), p. 172. BioMed Central 10.1186/s12909-021-02608-9

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Background: Entrustable professional activities (EPAs) are increasingly used in undergraduate medical education (UME). We conducted a scoping review to summarize the evidence for the use of EPAs in clinical rotations in UME.

Methods: We searched multiple databases for scoping reviews based on the PRISMA guidelines for articles reporting qualitative and quantitative research, as well as conceptual and curriculum development reports, on EPAs in UME clinical rotations.

Results: We identified 3309 records by searching through multiple databases. After the removal of duplicates, 1858 reports were screened. A total of 36 articles were used for data extraction. Of these, 47% reported on EPA and EPA-based curriculum development for clerkships, 50% reported on implementation strategies, and 53% reported on assessment methods and tools used in clerkships. Validity frameworks for developing EPAs in the context of clerkships were inconsistent. Several specialties reported feasible implementation strategies for EPA-based clerkship curricula, however, these required additional faculty time and resources. Limited exposure to clinical activities was identified as a barrier to relevant learning experiences. Educators used nationally defined, or specialty-specific EPAs, and a range of entrustability and supervision scales. We found only one study that used an empirical research approach for EPA assessment. One article reported on the earlier advancement of trainees from UME to graduate medical education based on summative entrustment decisions.

Conclusions: There is emerging evidence concerning how EPAs can be effectively introduced to clinical training in UME. Specialty-specific, nested EPAs with context-adapted, entrustment-supervision scales might be helpful in better leveraging their formative assessment potential.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Geriatric Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute for Medical Education > Assessment and Evaluation Unit (AAE)
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Translational Research Center
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Health Sciences (GHS)

UniBE Contributor:

Pinilla, Severin; Lenouvel, Eric William; Cantisani, Andrea; Klöppel, Stefan; Strik, Werner; Huwendiek, Sören and Nissen, Christoph

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 370 Education
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1472-6920

Publisher:

BioMed Central

Language:

English

Submitter:

Severin Philipp José Pinilla Isabela

Date Deposited:

13 Apr 2021 10:40

Last Modified:

18 Apr 2021 03:03

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/s12909-021-02608-9

PubMed ID:

33740970

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/154429

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/154429

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