Associations of air pollution and greenness with the nasal microbiota of healthy infants: A longitudinal study.

Gisler, Amanda; Korten, Insa; de Hoogh, Kees; Vienneau, Danielle; Frey, Urs; Decrue, Fabienne; Gorlanova, Olga; Soti, Andras; Hilty, Markus; Latzin, Philipp; Usemann, Jakob (2021). Associations of air pollution and greenness with the nasal microbiota of healthy infants: A longitudinal study. Environmental research, 202, p. 111633. 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111633

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BACKGROUND

Air pollution and greenness are associated with short- and long-term respiratory health in children but the underlying mechanisms are only scarcely investigated. The nasal microbiota during the first year of life has been shown to be associated with respiratory tract infections and asthma development. Thus, an interplay between greenness, air pollution and the early nasal microbiota may contribute to short- and long-term respiratory health. We aimed to examine associations between fine particulate matter (PM2.5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and greenness with the nasal microbiota of healthy infants during the first year of life in a European context with low-to-moderate air pollution levels.

METHODS

Microbiota characterization was performed using 16 S rRNA pyrosequencing of 846 nasal swabs collected fortnightly from 47 healthy infants of the prospective Basel-Bern Infant Lung Development (BILD) cohort. We investigated the association of satellite-based greenness and an 8-day-average exposure to air pollution (PM2.5, NO2) with the nasal microbiota during the first year of life. Exposures were individually estimated with novel spatial-temporal models incorporating satellite data. Generalized additive mixed models adjusted for known confounders and considering the autoregressive correlation structure of the data were used for analysis.

RESULTS

Mean (SD) PM2.5 level was 17.1 (3.8 μg/m3) and mean (SD) NO2 level was 19.7 (7.9 μg/m3). Increased PM2.5 and increased NO2 were associated with reduced within-subject Ružička dissimilarity (PM2.5: per 1 μg/m3 -0.004, 95% CI -0.008, -0.001; NO2: per 1 μg/m3 -0.004, 95% CI -0.007, -0.001). Whole microbial community comparison with nonmetric multidimensional scaling revealed distinct microbiota profiles for different PM2.5 exposure levels. Increased NO2 was additionally associated with reduced abundance of Corynebacteriaceae (per 1 μg/m3: -0.027, 95% CI -0.053, -0.001). No associations were found between greenness and the nasal microbiota.

CONCLUSION

Air pollution was associated with Ružička dissimilarity and relative abundance of Corynebacteriaceae. This suggests that even low-to-moderate exposure to air pollution may impact the nasal microbiota during the first year of life. Our results will be useful for future studies assessing the clinical relevance of air-pollution-induced alterations of the nasal microbiota with subsequent respiratory disease development.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute for Infectious Diseases > Research
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute for Infectious Diseases
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine > Paediatric Pneumology

UniBE Contributor:

Korten, Insa Christina Severine; Soti, Andras Laszlo; Hilty, Markus; Latzin, Philipp and Usemann, Jakob

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

1096-0953

Language:

English

Submitter:

Romy Melanie Rodriguez Del Rio

Date Deposited:

16 Sep 2021 11:30

Last Modified:

11 Nov 2021 00:12

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.envres.2021.111633

PubMed ID:

34256075

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Infancy Microbiota NDVI Particulate matter Respiratory disease

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/159016

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/159016

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