Association between self-reported motivation to quit smoking with effectiveness of smoking cessation intervention among patients hospitalized for acute coronary syndromes in Switzerland.

Worni-Schudel, Inge; Tzalis, Vasilis; Jakob, Julian; Tal, Kali; Gilgien-Dénéréaz, Lauriane; Gencer, Baris; Matter, Christian M.; Lüscher, Thomas Felix; Windecker, Stephan; Mach, François; Humair, Jean-Paul; Rodondi, Nicolas; Nanchen, David; Auer, Reto (2021). Association between self-reported motivation to quit smoking with effectiveness of smoking cessation intervention among patients hospitalized for acute coronary syndromes in Switzerland. Preventive Medicine Reports, 24, p. 101583. Elsevier 10.1016/j.pmedr.2021.101583

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Guidelines recommend brief smoking cessation interventions for hospitalized smokers reporting low motivation-to-quit. However, an intensive smoking cessation intervention may improve smoking cessation for these smokers. We conducted a secondary analysis of a pre-post interventional study that tested the efficacy of a proactive approach systematically offering intensive smoking cessation intervention to all hospitalized smokers with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) compared to a reactive approach offering it only to smokers willing to quit.

We analyzed data from one study site in Switzerland, which recorded motivation-to-quit smoking at study inclusion between 08.2009 and 02.2012. The primary outcome was smoking cessation at 1- and 5-year. We tested for interaction by participant’s motivation-to-quit score (low vs. high motivation), and calculated multivariable adjusted risk ratios (RR), stratified by motivation score.

We obtained motivation scores for 230 smokers. Follow-up was 94% (217/230) at 1-year and 68% (156/230) at 5-year. Among participants with low motivation to quit, 19% of smokers in the reactive phase had quit at 1 year compared to 50% of smokers in the proactive phase (multivariable adjusted RR = 2.85, 95%CI:0.91–8.91). Among highly motivated smokers, rates did not differ between phases: 48% vs. 49% (multivariable adjusted RR = 1.02, 95%CI:0.75–1.39, p-value for interaction between motivation-to-quit categories = 0.10). At 5-year follow-up, the point estimates were similar.

While our study has limitations inherent to the study design and sample size, we found that a proactive approach to offer systematic smoking cessation counseling for smokers with ACS reporting low motivation to quit was associated with higher smoking cessation rates at 1 year.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute of General Practice and Primary Care (BIHAM)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of General Internal Medicine (DAIM) > Clinic of General Internal Medicine > Centre of Competence for General Internal Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Worni, Inge; Jakob, Julian; Tal, Kali; Windecker, Stephan; Rodondi, Nicolas and Auer, Reto

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

2211-3355

Publisher:

Elsevier

Funders:

[4] Swiss National Science Foundation

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Kopp Heim

Date Deposited:

14 Oct 2021 19:48

Last Modified:

14 Oct 2021 21:55

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.pmedr.2021.101583

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/160065

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/160065

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