Addition of Synthetic Biomaterials to Deproteinized Bovine Bone Mineral (DBBM) for Bone Augmentation-A Preclinical In Vivo Study.

Fujioka-Kobayashi, Masako; Katagiri, Hiroki; Lang, Niklaus P; Imber, Jean-Claude; Schaller, Benoit; Saulacic, Nikola (2022). Addition of Synthetic Biomaterials to Deproteinized Bovine Bone Mineral (DBBM) for Bone Augmentation-A Preclinical In Vivo Study. International journal of molecular sciences, 23(18) MDPI 10.3390/ijms231810516

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(1) Aim: To investigate the effect of synthetic bone substitutes, α-tricalcium phosphate (α-TCP) or bi-layered biphasic calcium-phosphate (BBCP) combined with deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM), on bone formation. (2) Methods: Thirty critical size defects were randomly treated with the following five different treatment modalities: (1) negative control (NC, empty), (2) DBBM, (3) α-TCP + DBBM (1:1), (4) BBCP 3%HA/97%α-TCP + DBBM (1:1), and (5) BBCP 6%HA/94%α-TCP + DBBM (1:1). The samples, at four weeks post-surgery, were investigated by micro-CT and histological analysis. (3) Results: A similar level of new bone formation was demonstrated in the DBBM with α-TCP bone substitute groups when compared to the negative control by histomorphometry. DBBM alone showed significantly lower new bone area than the negative control (p = 0.0252). In contrast to DBBM, the micro-CT analysis revealed resorption of the α-TCP + DBBM, BBCP 3%HA/97%α-TCP + DBBM and BBCP 6%HA/94%α-TCP + DBBM, as evidenced by a decrease of material density (p = 0.0083, p = 0.0050 and p = 0.0191, respectively), without changing their volume. (4) Conclusions: New bone formation was evident in all defects augmented with biomaterials, proving the osteoconductive properties of the tested material combinations. There was little impact of the HA coating degree on α-TCP in bone augmentation potential and material resorption for four weeks when mixed with DBBM.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Kobayashi, Masako (B), Katagiri, Hiroki, Imber, Jean-Claude, Schaller, Benoît, Saulacic, Nikola

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1422-0067

Publisher:

MDPI

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

26 Sep 2022 14:41

Last Modified:

27 Jan 2023 23:37

Publisher DOI:

10.3390/ijms231810516

PubMed ID:

36142427

Uncontrolled Keywords:

biomaterials biphasic calcium phosphate bone augmentation in vivo tricalcium phosphate

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/173240

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/173240

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