New pansomatostatin ligands and their chelated versions: affinity profile, agonist activity, internalization, and tumor targeting

Ginj, Mihaela; Zhang, Hanwen; Eisenwiener, Klaus-Peter; Wild, Damian; Schulz, Stefan; Rink, Hans; Cescato, Renzo; Reubi, Jean Claude; Maecke, Helmut R (2008). New pansomatostatin ligands and their chelated versions: affinity profile, agonist activity, internalization, and tumor targeting. Clinical cancer research, 14(7), pp. 2019-27. Philadelphia, Pa.: American Association for Cancer Research 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-07-1687

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PURPOSE: Somatostatin receptor (sst) targeting is an established method to image and treat sst-positive tumors. Particularly, neuroendocrine tumors express the receptor subtype 2 in high density, but sst1, sst3, sst4, and sst5 are also expressed to some extent in different human tumors. Currently used targeting peptides mainly have sst2 affinity. We aimed at developing (radio)peptides that bind with high affinity to all receptor subtypes. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Carbocyclic octapeptides were coupled with macrocyclic chelators for radiometal labeling. Affinity, internalization, and agonist potencies were determined on sst1- to sst5-expressing cell lines. Biodistribution was determined on nude mice bearing HEK-sst2 or AR4-2J and HEK-sst3 tumors. RESULTS: High affinity to all receptor subtypes was found. Y(III)-KE88 showed agonistic properties at all five sst receptor subtypes as it inhibits forskolin-stimulated cyclic AMP production. Surprisingly, very low or even absent sst2 receptor internalization was found compared with currently clinically established octapeptides, whereas the sst3 internalization was very efficient. Biodistribution studies of [(111)In]KE88 and [(67)Ga]KE88/[(68)Ga]KE88 reflected the in vitro data. In nude mice with s.c. implanted sst2 (HEK-sst2, AR4-2J)-expressing and sst3 (HEK-sst3)-expressing tumors, high and persistent uptake was found in sst3-expressing tumors, whereas the uptake in the sst2-expressing tumors was lower and showed fast washout. The kidney uptake was high but blockable by coinjection of lysine. CONCLUSION: This peptide family shows pansomatostatin potency. As radiopeptides, they are the first to show a full pansomatostatin profile. Despite some drawback, they should be useful for imaging sst2-expressing tumors with short-lived radiometals, such as (68)Ga, at early time points and for sst3-expressing tumors at later time points with longer-lived radiometals, such as (64)Cu or (86)Y.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology

UniBE Contributor:

Cescato, Renzo and Reubi, Jean-Claude

ISSN:

1078-0432

ISBN:

18381940

Publisher:

American Association for Cancer Research

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:02

Last Modified:

11 Jul 2018 17:07

Publisher DOI:

10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-07-1687

PubMed ID:

18381940

Web of Science ID:

000254887500013

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/27066 (FactScience: 101629)

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