Gene expression variation between distinct areas of breast cancer measured from paraffin-embedded tissue cores

Schobesberger, Martina; Baltzer, Anna; Oberli, Andrea; Kappeler, Andreas; Gugger, Mathias; Burger, Hana; Jaggi, Rolf (2008). Gene expression variation between distinct areas of breast cancer measured from paraffin-embedded tissue cores. BMC cancer, 8, p. 343. London: BioMed Central 10.1186/1471-2407-8-343

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BACKGROUND: Diagnosis and prognosis in breast cancer are mainly based on histology and immunohistochemistry of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) material. Recently, gene expression analysis was shown to elucidate the biological variance between tumors and molecular markers were identified that led to new classification systems that provided better prognostic and predictive parameters. Archived FFPE samples represent an ideal source of tissue for translational research, as millions of tissue blocks exist from routine diagnostics and from clinical studies. These should be exploited to provide clinicians with more accurate prognostic and predictive information. Unfortunately, RNA derived from FFPE material is partially degraded and chemically modified and reliable gene expression measurement has only become successful after implementing novel and optimized procedures for RNA isolation, demodification and detection. METHODS: In this study we used tissue cylinders as known from the construction of tissue microarrays. RNA was isolated with a robust protocol recently developed for RNA derived from FFPE material. Gene expression was measured by quantitative reverse transcription PCR. RESULTS: Sixteen tissue blocks from 7 patients diagnosed with multiple histological subtypes of breast cancer were available for this study. After verification of appropriate localization, sufficient RNA yield and quality, 30 tissue cores were available for gene expression measurement on TaqMan(R) Low Density Arrays (16 invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), 8 ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and 6 normal tissue), and 14 tissue cores were lost. Gene expression values were used to calculate scores representing the proliferation status (PRO), the estrogen receptor status and the HER2 status. The PRO scores measured from entire sections were similar to PRO scores determined from IDC tissue cores. Scores determined from normal tissue cores consistently revealed lower PRO scores than cores derived from IDC or DCIS of the same block or from different blocks of the same patient. CONCLUSION: We have developed optimized protocols for RNA isolation from histologically distinct areas. RNA prepared from FFPE tissue cores is suitable for gene expression measurement by quantitative PCR. Distinct molecular scores could be determined from different cores of the same tumor specimen.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Pathologie > Forschungsgruppe Molekularbiologie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology

UniBE Contributor:

Schobesberger, Martina; Baltzer, Anna; Oberli, Andrea; Kappeler, Andreas; Gugger, Mathias; Burger, Hana and Jaggi, Rolf

ISSN:

1471-2407

ISBN:

19032762

Publisher:

BioMed Central

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:02

Last Modified:

09 Dec 2014 22:02

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/1471-2407-8-343

PubMed ID:

19032762

Web of Science ID:

000261557100001

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.27142

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/27142 (FactScience: 104460)

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