Soluble TNF-alpha but not transmembrane TNF-alpha sensitizes T cells for enhanced activation-induced cell death

Müller, Stefan; Rihs, Silvia; Dayer Schneider, Johanna M; Paredes, Bruno E; Seibold, Ingeborg; Brunner, Thomas; Mueller, Christoph (2009). Soluble TNF-alpha but not transmembrane TNF-alpha sensitizes T cells for enhanced activation-induced cell death. European journal of immunology, 39(11), pp. 3171-80. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH 10.1002/eji.200939554

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In addition to its proinflammatory effects, TNF-alpha exhibits immunosuppression. Here, we compared the capacities of transmembrane TNF-alpha (tmTNF) and soluble TNF-alpha (sTNF) in regulating expansion of activated T cells by apoptosis. Splenic CD4(+) T cells from wtTNF, TNF-alpha-deficient (TNF(-/-)) and TNF(-/-) mice expressing a non-cleavable mutant tmTNF showed comparable proliferation rates upon TCR-mediated stimulation. Activation-induced cell death (AICD), however, was significantly attenuated in tmTNF and TNF(-/-), compared with wtTNF CD4(+) T cells. Addition of sTNF during initial priming was sufficient to enhance susceptibility to AICD in tmTNF and TNF(-/-) CD4(+) T cells to levels seen in wtTNF CD4(+) T cells, whereas addition of sTNF only during restimulation failed to enhance AICD. sTNF-induced, enhanced susceptibility to AICD was dependent on both TNF receptors. The reduced susceptibility of tmTNF CD4(+) T cells for AICD was also evident in an in vivo model of adoptively transferred CD4(+) T-cell-mediated colonic inflammation. Hence, the presence of sTNF during T-cell priming may represent an important mechanism to sensitize activated T cells for apoptosis, thereby attenuating the extent and duration of T-cell reactivities and subsequent T-cell-mediated, excessive inflammation.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology

UniBE Contributor:

Rihs, Silvia, Brunner, Thomas (A), Müller, Christoph (C)










Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:08

Last Modified:

29 Mar 2023 23:33

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URI: (FactScience: 165539)

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