Highly Efficient IR to NIR Upconversion in Gd2O2S: Er3+ for Photovoltaic Applications

Martín-Rodríguez, Rosa; Fischer, Stefan; Ivaturi, Aruna; Froehlich, Benjamin; Krämer, Karl; Goldschmidt, Jan C.; Richards, Bryce S.; Meijerink, Andries (2013). Highly Efficient IR to NIR Upconversion in Gd2O2S: Er3+ for Photovoltaic Applications. Chemistry of materials, 25(9), pp. 1912-1921. Washington, D.C.: American Chemical Society 10.1021/cm4005745

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Upconversion (UC) is a promising option to enhance the efficiency of solar cells by conversion of sub-bandgap infrared photons to higher energy photons that can be utilized by the solar cell. The UC quantum yield is a key parameter for a successful application. Here the UC luminescence properties of Er3+-doped Gd2O2S are investigated by means of luminescence spectroscopy, quantum yield measurements, and excited state dynamics experiments. Excitation into the maximum of the 4I15/2 → 4I13/2 Er3+ absorption band around 1500 nm induces very efficient UC emission from different Er3+ excited states with energies above the silicon bandgap, in particular, the emission originating from the 4I11/2 state around 1000 nm. Concentration dependent studies reveal that the highest UC quantum yield is realized for a 10% Er3+-doping concentration. The UC luminescence is compared to the well-known Er3+-doped β-NaYF4 UC material for which the highest UC quantum yield has been reported for 25% Er3+. The UC internal quantum yields were measured in this work for Gd2O2S: 10%Er3+ and β-NaYF4: 25%Er3+ to be 12 ± 1% and 8.9 ± 0.7%, respectively, under monochromatic excitation around 1500 nm at a power of 700 W/m2. The UC quantum yield reported here for Gd2O2S: 10%Er3+ is the highest value achieved so far under monochromatic excitation into the 4I13/2 Er3+ level. Power dependence and lifetime measurements were performed to understand the mechanisms responsible for the efficient UC luminescence. We show that the main process yielding 4I11/2 UC emission is energy transfer UC.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Ecology and Evolution (IEE) > Behavioural Ecology
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences (DCBP)

UniBE Contributor:

Fischer, Stefan, Krämer, Karl


500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
500 Science > 530 Physics
500 Science > 540 Chemistry




American Chemical Society




Karl Krämer

Date Deposited:

11 Dec 2013 09:57

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:26

Publisher DOI:






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