Sensory discrimination, working memory and intelligence in 9-year-old and 11-year-old children

Völke, Annik E.; Troche, Stefan J.; Rammsayer, Thomas H.; Wagner, Felicitas L.; Roebers, Claudia M. (2013). Sensory discrimination, working memory and intelligence in 9-year-old and 11-year-old children. Infant and child development, 22(5), pp. 523-538. Wiley 10.1002/icd.1803

[img] Text
Voelke etal_ICD 2013.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (479kB) | Request a copy
[img]
Preview
Text
Artikel_ICD_BORIS.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (180kB) | Preview

More than a century ago, Galton and Spearman suggested that there was a functional relationship between sensory discrimination ability and intelligence. Studies have since been able to confirm a close relationship between general discrimination ability (GDA) and IQ. The aim of the present study was to assess whether this strong relationship between GDA and IQ could be due to working memory (WM) demands of GDA tasks. A sample of 140 children (seventy 9-year-olds and seventy 11-year-olds) was studied. Results showed that there was a significant overlap between WM, GDA and fluid intelligence. Furthermore, results also revealed that WM could not explain the relationship between GDA and fluid intelligence as such, but that it acted as a bottleneck of information processing, limiting the influence of GDA on the prediction of fluid intelligence. Specifically, GDA's influence on the prediction of intelligence was only visible when WM capacity was above a certain level.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Personality Psychology, Differential Psychology and Diagnostics

UniBE Contributor:

Völke, Annik; Troche, Stefan; Rammsayer, Thomas; Wagner, Felicitas Lony and Roebers, Claudia

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 370 Education

ISSN:

1522-7227

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Jeannine Sebel

Date Deposited:

24 Apr 2014 14:32

Last Modified:

20 Mar 2019 08:05

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/icd.1803

Uncontrolled Keywords:

fluid intelligence, sensory discrimination, working memory, childhood

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.45237

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/45237

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback