Relations among fluid intelligence, sensory discrimination and working memory in middle to late childhood – A latent variable approach

Völke, Annik; Troche, Stefan J.; Rammsayer, Thomas H.; Wagner, Felicitas Lony; Roebers, Claudia M. (2014). Relations among fluid intelligence, sensory discrimination and working memory in middle to late childhood – A latent variable approach. Cognitive development, 32, pp. 58-73. Elsevier 10.1016/j.cogdev.2014.08.002

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Two factors that have been suggested as key in explaining individual differences in fluid intelligence are working memory and sensory discrimination ability. A latent variable approach was used to explore the relative contributions of these two variables to individual differences in fluid intelligence in middle to late childhood. A sample of 263 children aged 7–12 years was examined. Correlational analyses showed that general discrimination ability (GDA)and working memory (WM) were related to each other and to fluid intelligence. Structural equation modeling showed that within both younger and older age groups and the sample as a whole, the relation between GDA and fluid intelligence could be accounted for by WM. While WM was able to predict variance in fluid intelligence above and beyond GDA, GDA was not able to explain significant amounts of variance in fluid intelligence, either in the whole sample or within the younger or older age group. We concluded that compared to GDA, WM should be considered the better predictor of individual differences in fluid intelligence in childhood. WM and fluid intelligence, while not being separable in middle childhood, develop at different rates, becoming more separable with age.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Personality Psychology, Differential Psychology and Diagnostics
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology
10 Strategic Research Centers > Center for Cognition, Learning and Memory (CCLM)

UniBE Contributor:

Völke, Annik; Troche, Stefan; Rammsayer, Thomas; Wagner, Felicitas Lony and Roebers, Claudia

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 370 Education

ISSN:

0885-2014

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Jeannine Sebel

Date Deposited:

20 Jan 2015 14:18

Last Modified:

10 Sep 2017 13:01

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.cogdev.2014.08.002

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Fluid intelligence, Working memory, Sensory discrimination ability, Latent variable approach, Structural equation modeling, Middle childhood

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.61808

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/61808

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