Thromboxane A2 acts as tonic immunoregulator by preferential disruption of low-avidity CD4+ T cell-dendritic cell interactions

Moalli, Federica; Cupovic, Jovana; Thelen, Flavian; Halbherr, Pascal; Fukui, Yoshinori; Narumiya, Shuh; Ludewig, Burkhard; Stein, Jens Volker (2014). Thromboxane A2 acts as tonic immunoregulator by preferential disruption of low-avidity CD4+ T cell-dendritic cell interactions. The Journal of experimental medicine, 211(13), pp. 2507-2517. Rockefeller Univ. Press 10.1084/jem.20140137

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Interactions between dendritic cells (DCs) and T cells control the decision between activation and tolerance induction. Thromboxane A2 (TXA2) and its receptor TP have been suggested to regulate adaptive immune responses through control of T cell-DC interactions. Here, we show that this control is achieved by selectively reducing expansion of low-avidity CD4(+) T cells. During inflammation, weak tetramer-binding TP-deficient CD4(+) T cells were preferentially expanded compared with TP-proficient CD4(+) T cells. Using intravital imaging of cellular interactions in reactive peripheral lymph nodes (PLNs), we found that TXA2 led to disruption of low- but not high-avidity interactions between DCs and CD4(+) T cells. Lack of TP correlated with higher expression of activation markers on stimulated CD4(+) T cells and with augmented accumulation of follicular helper T cells (TFH), which correlated with increased low-avidity IgG responses. In sum, our data suggest that tonic suppression of weak CD4(+) T cell-DC interactions by TXA2-TP signaling improves the overall quality of adaptive immune responses.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Theodor Kocher Institute
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences (GCB)

UniBE Contributor:

Moalli, Federica; Thelen, Flavian; Ludewig, Burkhard and Stein, Jens Volker

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

1540-9538

Publisher:

Rockefeller Univ. Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Ursula Zingg-Zünd

Date Deposited:

07 Apr 2015 13:07

Last Modified:

22 Jun 2015 09:24

Publisher DOI:

10.1084/jem.20140137

PubMed ID:

25488981

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.66363

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/66363

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