PLACENTAL URIC ACID TRANSPORTER GLUT9 IS MODULATED BY FREE IODINE

Lüscher, Benjamin; Fine, Michael; Marini, Camilla; Clemençon, Benjamin; Albrecht, Christiane; Hediger, Matthias; Surbek, Daniel; Baumann, Marc Ulrich (September 2014). PLACENTAL URIC ACID TRANSPORTER GLUT9 IS MODULATED BY FREE IODINE. Placenta, 35, A97-A97. Elsevier

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PLACENTAL URIC ACID TRANSPORTER GLUT9 IS MODULATED BY FREE IODINE Objectives: Materno-fetal transplacental transport is crucial for the fetal well-being. The altered expression of placental transport proteins under specific pathophysiological conditions may affect the intrauterine environment. Pre-eclampsia is often associated with high maternal uric acid serum levels. The regulation of the placental uric transport system and its transporter glucose transporter (GLUT)-9 are not fully understood yet. The aim of this study was to investigate the placental urate transport and to characterize its transporter GLUT9. Methods: In this study we used a transepithelial transport (Transwell®) model to assess uric acid transport activity. Electrophysiological techniques and radioactive ligand up-take assays were used to measure transport activity of GLUT9 expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Results: In the Transwell/model uric acid is transported across the BeWo choriocarcinoma cell monolayer with 530 pmol/min at the linear stage. We could successfully over-express GLUT9 using the Xenopus laevis oocytes expression system. Chloride modulates the urate transport system: interestingly replacing chloride with iodine resulted in a complete loss of urate transport activity.We determined the IC50 of iodine at 30uM concentration. In radioactive up-take experiments iodinehad noeffect on uric acid transport. Conclusions: In vitro the “materno-fetal” transport of uric acid is slow. This indicates that in vivo the child is protected from short-term fluctuations of maternal uric acid serum concentrations. The different results regarding iodine-mediated regulation of GLUT9 transport activity between electrophysiological and radioactive ligand uptake experiments may suggest that iodine does not directly inhibit uric acid transport, but changes the mode of up-take from an electrogenic to an electroneutral transport. GLUT9 is not an uric acid uniporter, there are more ions involved in the transport. This may allow regulating uric acid transport by the change from an active to a passive transport.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Abstract)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Unit Childrens Hospital > Forschungsgruppe Pränatale Medizin
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Lüscher, Benjamin; Fine, Michael; Marini, Camilla; Clemençon, Benjamin; Albrecht, Christiane; Hediger, Matthias; Surbek, Daniel and Baumann, Marc Ulrich

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0143-4004

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Barbara Järmann-Bangerter

Date Deposited:

02 Apr 2015 14:24

Last Modified:

02 Sep 2015 10:21

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.67498

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/67498

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