Screening, Identification and Preliminary Investigation of Target Transporters in Pregnancy Pathologies

Huang, Xiao; Ontsouka, Edgar; Lüthi, Michael; Hediger, Matthias; Jain, Arjun; Baumann, Marc Ulrich; Surbek, Daniel; Anderle, Pascale; Albrecht, Christiane (March 2014). Screening, Identification and Preliminary Investigation of Target Transporters in Pregnancy Pathologies. Reproductive sciences, 21(3), 183A-183A. Sage

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Screening, Identification and Preliminary Investigation of Target Transporters in Pregnancy Pathologies. INTRODUCTION: Pre-eclampsia (PE), intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are major sources of clinical morbidity and mortality in pregnant women worldwide. The mechanisms underlying these gestational diseases are complex and not yet fully understood, but one factor contributing to their development is impaired maternal-fetal nutrient transport. Therefore, we aimed to identify candidate membrane transporters involved in transplacental nutrient transfer associated with PE/IUGR or GDM. METHODS: Using in silico strategies, we analysed various gene expression data sets generated on different platforms focusing on solute carriers, ABC transporters and TRP channels in order to identify transporters that are differently expressed between patients and gestational age-matched controls. These bioinformatic analyses were combined with literature data to define a catalogue of target transporters that could be involved in the development of PE/IUGR or GDM. Transporters of interest were then analysed for gene expression using qRT-PCR in placental tissues of patients and controls. For validating the results on protein and functional level, we started to establish an in vitro assay using freshly isolated primary cytotrophoblast cells polarized on the Transwell® system. RESULTS: Using bioinformatics approaches, we initially identified 37 target membrane proteins which were mainly associated with the transport of amino acids, vitamins, and trace elements. At the current state of analysis, the amino acid transporters SLC7A7, SLC38A2, SLC38A5, and the thiamine transporter SLC19A3 showed significant differences in placental mRNA expression between controls and patients affected by PE and/or IUGR. Subsequent gene expression analysis in our in-house GDM placental tissue bank is still ongoing. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our in silico analyses, literature data and first follow-up in vitro validations, we were able to define potentially interesting candidate transporters implicated in PE/IUGR or GDM. To date, additional newly defined candidate targets are being analysed on mRNA level in PE/IUGR and GDM. Subsequent analyses on protein and functional level will reveal whether these targets could be of diagnostic or therapeutical interest in these pregnancy pathologies.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Abstract)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Unit Childrens Hospital > Forschungsgruppe Pränatale Medizin

UniBE Contributor:

Huang, Xiao; Ontsouka, Edgar; Lüthi, Michael; Hediger, Matthias; Jain, Arjun; Baumann, Marc Ulrich; Surbek, Daniel; Anderle, Pascale and Albrecht, Christiane

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1933-7191

Publisher:

Sage

Language:

English

Submitter:

Barbara Järmann-Bangerter

Date Deposited:

02 Apr 2015 14:08

Last Modified:

02 Sep 2015 10:22

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.67506

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/67506

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