The generation of neutrophils in the bone marrow is controlled by autophagy.

Rozman, Sasa; Yousefi, Shida; Oberson, Kevin; Kaufmann, Thomas; Benarafa, Charaf; Simon, Hans-Uwe (2015). The generation of neutrophils in the bone marrow is controlled by autophagy. Cell death and differentiation, 22(3), pp. 445-456. Nature Publishing Group 10.1038/cdd.2014.169

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Autophagy has been demonstrated to have an essential function in several cellular hematopoietic differentiation processes, for example, the differentiation of reticulocytes. To investigate the role of autophagy in neutrophil granulopoiesis, we studied neutrophils lacking autophagy-related (Atg) 5, a gene encoding a protein essential for autophagosome formation. Using Cre-recombinase mediated gene deletion, Atg5-deficient neutrophils showed no evidence of abnormalities in morphology, granule protein content, apoptosis regulation, migration, or effector functions. In such mice, however, we observed an increased proliferation rate in the neutrophil precursor cells of the bone marrow as well as an accelerated process of neutrophil differentiation, resulting in an accumulation of mature neutrophils in the bone marrow, blood, spleen, and lymph nodes. To directly study the role of autophagy in neutrophils, we employed an in vitro model of differentiating neutrophils that allowed modulating the levels of ATG5 expression, or, alternatively, intervening pharmacologically with autophagy-regulating drugs. We could show that autophagic activity correlated inversely with the rate of neutrophil differentiation. Moreover, pharmacological inhibition of p38 MAPK or mTORC1 induced autophagy in neutrophilic precursor cells and blocked their differentiation, suggesting that autophagy is negatively controlled by the p38 MAPK-mTORC1 signaling pathway. On the other hand, we obtained no evidence for an involvement of the PI3K-AKT or ERK1/2 signaling pathways in the regulation of neutrophil differentiation. Taken together, these findings show that, in contrast to erythropoiesis, autophagy is not essential for neutrophil granulopoiesis, having instead a negative impact on the generation of neutrophils. Thus, autophagy and differentiation exhibit a reciprocal regulation by the p38-mTORC1 axis.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Theodor Kocher Institute

UniBE Contributor:

Rozman, Sasa; Yousefi, Shida; Oberson, Kevin; Kaufmann, Thomas; Benarafa, Charaf and Simon, Hans-Uwe

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1350-9047

Publisher:

Nature Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Debora Scherrer

Date Deposited:

23 Jul 2015 16:27

Last Modified:

12 Sep 2017 06:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/cdd.2014.169

PubMed ID:

25323583

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.70449

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/70449

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